Clasical Liberalism

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by Anatasiaa
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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
12

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Clasical Liberalism

1789

The Spirt of the LawsBaron Charles de Montesquieu's first political writing to be published. Montesquieu argued for the separation of powers and a constitutional monarchy.

Declaration of IndependenceWritten by Thomas Jefferson, it highlights many of the classical Liberal ideas written by Locke and Montesquieu.

1776

Two Treatises of Civil GovernmentLocke’s second work and one of his most well-known ones it argues that the government is not acting to the peoples wishes then they have broken the social contract and the people have the right to over throw the government.

John Stuart MillHe wrote many papers on the how to achieve personal freedom and happiness. He wrote that it was the duty of the government it provide ad much happiness to as many of its people as it could. This was the beginnings of the ideas of the welfare state.

1930

1748

The "father" of Liberalism, John Locke is born.Locke wrote the foundations of liberalism, arguing Liberal ideas such as no religious involvement in the government and gender equality. These ideas are still Liberal ideals to this day.

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations The most famous book written by Adam Smith, the father of modern economics. Smith talks about the invisible hand that guides people in economics so there is no need for government involvement. This is called Lassiez Faire economics.

Classical Liberalism

1690

1632

French RevolutionThe French Revolution is extremely important to liberalism as it trigged the end of the Absolute monarchy. The French revolution was triggered by Liberal ideas and marks the dawn of the Modern age.

The Declaration of The Rights of Man and the Citizen, which was written at the end of the French revolution is a founding document of liberalism and also the first constitutional document granting universal male suffrage.

The EnlightenmentThe enlightenment marks the end of the dark ages and the beginning of modern thought. During the enlightenment Liberal ideas began to become popular among the literate middle class. People saw themselves as capable logical beings. The enlightenment in Britain cumulated in the Glorious Revolution, which marked the beginning of a constitutional monarchy.


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