Civil War

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by TommiAdkins
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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Civil War

Civil War

On news of Lincoln's election, South Carolina (site of nullification fight in 1830s) secedes.

Seven states form Confederacy, write their own constitution, and plan for an independent nation.

Though winning in the electoral college, Lincoln's lack of a popular majority (1.9 million out of 4.7 million votes cast) is an indication of the problems he would face with a divided nation

Lincoln enters Washington D.C. in disguise because of unrest. Southerners begin seizing federal posts.

Lincoln decides to supply Ft. Sumter, but wants the South to fire the first shot.

Gen. Grant captures two forts on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. Confederates forced out of Kentucky and yield much of Tennessee.

First ironclad battle in history ends in a draw as the Merrimac withdraws after daylong exchange of fire. Union blockade of South is maintained.

Grant overcomes Southern forces with heavy losses for each side: 13,000 Union casualties, 11,000 for South.

Farragut seizes New Orleans for Union after boldly attacking Southern position. 11 Southern ships sunk.

Gen. McDowell leads 30,000 men against Gen. Johnston's 22,000 Southern troops in an attempt to crush the rebels and go "On to Richmond." South scores victory as Union troops flee back to Washington in disarray.

Gen. Burnside attacks Lee's fortified position and suffers 10,000 casualties (to Lee's 5000).

Gen. Hooker defeated by Lee, but Jackson is mistakenly shot by his own men and killed.

After continual prodding by Lincoln, McClellan decides to attack Richmond via the South. He moves his large army down the Potomac, marches on Richmond, and then assumes a defensive position rather than pushing for victory.

Lee, refusing to see his troops suffer any further, surrenders to Grant. Southern troops given generous terms of surrender.

Reinforced with troops from the East, Grant is able to push Southern troops back and prepare for assault on Atlanta and the heart of the Confederacy.



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