Civil War Battles and Generals

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Social Studies
American History

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Civil War Battles and Generals

Civil War Battles and Generals

Jefferson Davis was another key figure in the American Civil War. Being the president of the Confederate States and with his military background, he was a good fit.

Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson was also a very good military leader under Rober E. Lee. He was in battles such as the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) where he received his famous nickname "Stonewall", the Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas), and the battles of Antietam, and Fredericksburg.

Fort Sumter

Battle of Atlanta

Occured on Sept. 17, 1862, and this battles was the bloodest single day War. The battle took place in northwestern Maryland, and is named after Antietam Creek. General George B. McClellan led the Union army of about 90,000 troops and was able to defeat Rober E. Lee's army of about 55,000 troops. Shortly after the battle, Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which ended sl;avery in the United States.

The Battle of Atlanta was fought on July 22, 1864, just southeast of Atlanta, Georgia. The union army was led by general William T. Sherman and the secured a victory against the defending confederates led by general John B. Hood. After the evacuation of the city, Sherman burned most of the buildings in the city, and after taking the city, Sherman headed south toward Savannah, beginning his Sherman’s March To The Sea. This battle credited for aiding the reelection of Abraham Lincoln over George Mcclellan.

Fort Sumter stood on an island in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. The soldiers of the union wouldnt leave the fort, and on April 12, 1861, the Confederate soldiers took the first shot of qhich would become the American Civil War.The following day United States troops under Major Robert Anderson surrendered to Confederate forces led by General Pierre G. T. Beauregard. On April 14, U.S. troops withdrew, there were no casualties. After this battle several other states also suceded from the union.

The Battle of Vicksburg, which would become the turning point in the American Civil War, lasted from May 18 to July 4, 1863. The union soldiers of about 70,000 soldiers was led by general Ulysses S. Grant and the confederates by John C. Pemberton with about 30,000 soldiers. After many failures, Grant decided to siege Vicksburg, cutting off the city and cuasing the confederate soldiers to starve. They finally surrendered on july 4, a day after the victory in gettysburg. The north now controlled Mississippi and split the confederacy into two. Because of Vicksburg and Grant’s other successes, Lincoln would later promote Grant to the command of all Union armies.


The Battle of Gettysburg, named after the town on the battlefield, took place in southern pennsylvania from july 1 to july 3, 1863. Union General George G. Meade led an army of about 90,000 men to victory against General Robert E. Lee's Confederate army of about 75,000. This battle is the most famous battle in the civil war becuase it was the largest battle of the American Civl War, and while Antieam was the bloddest single day battle, gettysburg was the most bloodest battle overall. the day after the battle ended, Union troops captured the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi. On nov. 19, 1863, part of the Gettysburg battlefield was dedicated as a cemetery for those who had lost their lives in the battle. It was at this ceremony that Lincoln adressed his famous Gettysburg Address.




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