Civil War Battle of Chickamauga

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by 1NOMnnguyen
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
7

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Civil War Battle of Chickamauga

Union Leadership

What Happened?

Confederate Leadership

Union General George Henry Thomas was born in the South, and fought in for the North. When he was growing up, he lived on a plantation. He was one of many who broke the law by teaching his family’s slaves to read and write. So his childhood was mostly teach his family’s slaves what he would learn in school. Skipping ahead to the beginning of the Civil War, which was around 1860-1861, Thomas decided that he wanted to remain with the Union and about a month later, he was promoted to colonel. Then, another month later, he became a brigadier general and division commander. He defeated a Confederate force at Mill Springs on January 19th, 1862. After that, he was then promoted to major general and commanded the right wing of the Union advance of Corinth, Mississippi. Years later on, Thomas died from a stroke in San Francisco, California, in 1870.

Confederate General Braxton Bragg was born in North Carolina, and fought for the South. His childhood was filled with traditions of the South, such as joining the West Point Military Academy like his father. Bragg then graduated from the Academy in 1837, and joined the US Artillery. He wasn’t exactly known as a nice guy. Many people didn’t like the way he treated his men. They didn’t agree with him on many things and it is claimed that some of his men attempted to kill Bragg, but months later, he got passed the hatred. Then, the American Civil War broke out. Bragg was appointed a brigadier colonel in the Confederate Army. Then a couple months later, he became a major general, and in that same month, he became commander of the Army of Pensacola. For the final months of the War, Bragg worked for the New Orleans waterworks and later became chief engineer for Alabama. After this, he moved to Texas where he became a railroad inspector. Years later, Bragg died from a fatal syncope in Galveston, Texas, in 1876.

Bibliography

"Braxton Bragg Biography." Braxton Bragg Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2015."George Henry Thomas." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004, and "Thomas, George Henry." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed.. 2015. "George Henry Thomas." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 01 Jan. 2004. Web. 13 Dec. 2015."Ten Facts About the Battle of Chickamauga." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 2014. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.

The Battle of Chickamauga was on September 18-20, 1863 and took place in Chickamauga, Tennessee. This battle was known as the biggest battle ever fought in Tennessee, with 34,000 casualties, it is generally accepted as the second bloodiest engagement of the war. The Union general was General William Rosecans, and the Confederate general was General Braxton Bragg. The battle start early morning on September 19th. Bragg’s army assaulted but were not able break Rosecans’ Union line. The next day, Bragg attempted to assault again. Then, Rosecans was misinformed that he had a large gap in his line, so as he was moving units to patch up the supposed gap, he created an actual gap on accident. That gap led directly into an eight-brigade assault by Confederate Lieutenant General James Longstreet. Longstreet’s attack drove ⅓ of the Union Army, including Rosecrans, away from the field. Union units surprisingly gathered together to create a defense line on Horseshoe Ridge. These units were the right wing led by Major General George. Because of this gap issue, the Confederate had a small advantage and they won the battle.For almost three whole days, the armies battled for control of the region and the railroad lines that ran through Chattanooga, Tennessee. When the battle ended, there were more than 18,000 Confederate casualties and 16,000 Union casualties, making Chickamauga the second bloodiest and costliest battle. The battle ended with a Confederate victory, like stated before, and was also the largest Confederate victory in the Western theater. However, Bragg couldn’t afford another victory like this one; he nearly lost twenty percent of his effecting fighting force. Another he wasn’t able to afford another victory was because most of the weapons that were used in this battle was actually state-of-the-art and sense they were state-of-the-art, they were obviously not cheap. The battle was mostly based on strategies. In the end, although confederacy had won, both sides had fought with a purpose.

Battle of Chickamauga

Battle Map


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