Civil rights movement

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by presidenttaft
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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Civil rights movement

Civil Rights Movement Project

Civil Rights in NC

Elysia Lyday and Nikki Rismani

"Woolworth's Lunch Counter"On February 1, 1960, four African American college students sat down at a lunch counter at Woolworth’s in Greensboro, North Carolina, and politely asked for service. Their request was refused. When asked to leave, they remained in their seats. Their passive resistance and peaceful sit-down demand helped ignite a youth-led movement to challenge racial inequality throughout the South. This was a significant event because it inspired people to be courageous and stand up for what they believe is right.

"Freedom of Choice Plan 1962"1965 North Carolina institutes the freedom-of-choice plan, which allows parents to choose the public schools their children attend. This event had a large impact on the educational aspect of the movement because many people were receiving opportunities for education.

"Break up of KKK in NC"On the night of January 13, 1958, crosses were burned on the front lawns of two Lumbee Indian families in Robeson County, N.C. Nobody had to ask who was responsible. The Ku Klux Klan had risen again in North Carolina, its ranks swelling after the 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education calling for the desegregation of public schools. While the Court instructed schools to proceed with “all deliberate speed,” the Klan fought — often in the form of anonymous nighttime attacks — to slow the process of integration. This was a very significant event because the KKK symbolizes derogatory connotations and more people can stand up now that they have broken up the clan.

Key Events

"Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas"Brown v. Board of Education (1954), now acknowledged as one of the greatest Supreme Court decisions of the 20th century, unanimously held that the racial segregation of children in public schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Although the decision did not succeed in fully desegregating public education in the United States, it put the Constitution on the side of racial equality and galvanized the nascent civil rights movement into a full revolution. This court case proved that segregation was unconstitutional and had a major impact on educational opportunities.

"Medgar Evers assassination "Medgar Wiley Evers was an African-American civil rights activist from Mississippi involved in efforts to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi. He believed that everyone deserves equality and he wanted to show that through education. He earned degrees and showed that anyone can do anything if they do what they believe in and he inspired people during the civil right movement.

"14th Amendment Passed"Constitutional amendment forbids any state from depriving citizens of their rights and privileges and defines citizenship. This had an extremely significant impact on the civil rights movement.

"Mississippi Burning"The remains of three civil rights workers whose disappearance on June 21 garnered national attention are found buried in an earthen dam near Philadelphia, Mississippi. Michael Schwerner and Andrew Goodman, both white New Yorkers, had traveled to heavily segregated Mississippi in 1964 to help organize civil rights efforts on behalf of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). The third man, James Chaney, was a local African American man who had joined CORE in 1963. The disappearance of the three young men led to a massive FBI investigation that was code-named MIBURN, for "Mississippi Burning." This event showed how carried away people got during the movement and this motivated people to realize that the issue is getting larger and larger.

"Race Riots in Detroit and Newark"Beginning on July 14th and lasting through July 17th, violence in Newark claimed 23 lives and destroyed over 10 million dollars of property. A mere six days later, on July 23rd, Detroit experienced a similar fate, resulting in the deaths of 43 people and the destruction of an estimated 22 million dollars of property damage over a five day period. Both "riots" were sparked by police activity in predominantly black neighborhoods, but the underlying causes were quite complex, including police brutality, persistent poverty, and a lack of political representation for African American residents, as well as local opposition to the Vietnam War. This event had a negative impact on the civil rights movement but it was very significant and showed people what "mob rule" can do.

Rosa ParksAn African-American woman coming home from work on the bus. Like most of the busses in the south at that time the bus she was riding (Montgomery's bus) was segregated. The front seats were only for “whites” and African-Americans were told to sit in the back of the bus. But in occasions where the busses were too crowded, African-Americans were expected to give up their seats. Rosa had had enough of such humiliation, and refused to give up her seat. She said "I felt I had a right to stay where I was," "I wanted this particular driver to know that we were being treated unfairly as individuals and as a people."The bus driver had her arrested.

The Little Rock NineAs they were called later on.. They were bravely the first teen African Americans to attend an all-white-school. These courageous teenagers challenged the people in the deep south and was able to win. They proved that they deserved same education as whites.

Martin Luther King, Jr.Martin Luther King Jr. was a minister and social activist, who led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. As a child he experienced segregation and notices how wrong that was.

W. E. B. Du BoisHe was an African American man who was educated at Harvard and was a historian and sociologist who pushed for both equal economic and social rights for African Americans. Unlike other leaders he didn’t only push for economic rights.

Thurgood Marshall He was a very courageous civil rights lawyer during a time period period when racial segregation was the law of the land. at this time most of the american people refused to give rights to African Americans but Thurgood Marshall realized that the law system will be able to fight against that.

Linkshttp://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/civilrights/terms.htmlCivil Rights Movement Heroes for Kids (Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr.) | Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/spot/bhmheroes1.html#ixzz31amZW5Eh

Videos:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zkUpBctt0Ahttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lL-4I18JFFU

Important people


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