Civil Rights

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Civil Rights

Orval Faubus was the governor of Arkansas at the time of the Little Rock Nine. He was for segregation and making everything equal but separate. He grew up in a very poor family, but eventually persevered through and became the governor. He believed that segregation should be up to the states to decide whether or not it would exist. Eisenhower disagreed and ended up having to use troops to enforce his Supreme Court power. Faubus then started fighting against the whole Eisenhower administration so Arkansas could stay segregated.

Elizabeth Eckford was fifteen when she joined the Little Rock Nine, and brought international attention towards Little Rock. The nine students went to the back entrance of the school so they could avoid the angry mob. Eckford didn’t get this phone call and went to the front entrance. She was confronted with an angry mob of students and adults. Holding back tears, Elizabeth took a stand and ended up being a symbol for civil rights.




Montgomery Bus Boycott

Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo Georgia on January 31, 1919. He grew up in Georgia with four siblings. As a kid he played every sport, from basketball to table tennis. He then chose to go to UCLA to play football and Baseball. Once he was drafted in the MLB, and got chosen to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers, many hateful comments towards him and his cause were expressed. He stood his ground and instead of him fighting back he just played baseball. And that was powerful enough to help change the viewpoint of many fans and players. Jackie Robinson created a huge opportunity for African-American sports players, and had a great impact on the civil rights movement.

"There's not an American in this country free until everyone of us is free."


The Montgomery Bus Boycott started on December 5th 1955 to protest the trial of Rosa Parks. On December 1st Rosa Parks refused to give her seat up, and was arrested for breaking the Montgomery city ordinance. In a result of her being arrested a boycott formed where they wouldn’t take busses cabs or any public transportation. They would walk or carpool to get where ever they needed to. The Boycott lasted 13 months and resulted in the US Supreme Court decided that it was unconstitutional to have segregation on busses. The Boycott was a successful way to express their feelings in a nonviolent way.

John Brown

Abraham Licoln

John Brown was a very voilent person that felt his point of view needed to be expressed by killing. He felt that slavery was wrong and should be illegal in the south. Instead of taking a non-voilent approach he tourtured and killed a famouse slave owner to state a point that the slave owners should be treated how they treated their slaves. Brown was sentence to death but was satified with the decision because he felt that dying would make him a martyr and a symbol for no slavery. He was the person who started the tension which later became the Civil War.


13th Amendment

The 13th Amendment was created after the Civil War ended. President Lincoln wanted slavery to be declared unconstitutional. This action by the north created the best oppurtunity for African-Americans to demand their civil rights in a non-violent way. Even though Lincoln did not give the slaves civil rights he knew what needed to happen to at least make their treatment humane. This is why the 13th amendment was made.

14th Amendment

The 14th amendment states that citizenship is given to any race in America. It is very similar to the 13th and 15th Amendment but it is the most complicated one. It was meant so the Civil Rights Act could accure. It was ratified on July 9, 1868 during the Reconstruction era. This was during the time of the freedom of slaves and creating equal rightsfor all humanes in America. This Amendment was also one of the main reasons why the Civil Rights Act could occur.

The Civil War was faught from 1861 to 1865. After the southern states form the Confederacy, Abraham Licoln didnt want them to break free from the north. The war was going to determine weather the states would stay together or not. After Lincoln opposed the expansion in the south, many slave owners were furious. An then the civil war started, and even though many lives were lost then, it saved many for the years to come.

Rosa Parks

John Brown's Execution took place on December 2, 1859. He was 59 when he died. He wante dto become a martyr and a symbol of slaves getting their deserved freedom. He thoughht that if he died he would be better remembered as a martyr or a savior to the slaves. He was hung at the execution but his beliefs would still be with the slaves.

John Brown's Execution

Abraham Licoln, Republican, was the President of the United States during the time of the civil war. He knew that slavery wasnt right and that it should be abolished. There wasnt going to be anyway to fight the south peacfully so he had to result in a civil war. He was poor growing up and worked his way to become one of the greatest men of his time, and he was willing to risk all of that for the well-being of the slaves at that time. His work will always be veiwed positive in this country for he was the voice the slaves needed.

Martin Luther King Jr. was an American pastor and an activist for the Civil Rights Movement. He was best known for using non-violent civil disobediance based on his christian beliefs. On October 14, 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize for his advancements in the Civil rights act. Even though many people loved him, many did not as well. He was assasinated on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. His work is still admired today, because of the outcome of the Civil Rights Act.


Rosa Parks is known for her bravery during the Civil Rights Movement. She was very tired after a long day and was forced to give her seet on the bus to a white. She refused and ended up being arrested. Once people had found out about her being arrested they started a bus boycott in her honor. She was later reliesed from jail and known for a symbol of hope for blacks.

Freedom Riders

The Freedom Riders were Civil Rights activists that rode interstate busses through the segregated south, in 1961, to prove a point that segragation was unconstitutional. The first bus left Washington DC on May 4, 1961. even though they put their lives at risk they created national attention towards the subject of segragation. The mixed racial group was able to change America with bus segragation, and they are recognized for their bravery.

Charles Lynch was a well-known slave owner in Virginia. Lynching was named after him. Lynching occurred a lot, usually to blacks, and it was a mob of people illegally beating someone. They got away with it though because the law wasnt fair to blacks. He would hold illegal trails to local law breakers and would result into beating them within inches of their lives. That was how lynching was named after him.

Charles Lynch

Minnijean Brown

Minnijean Brown was 16 when she was part of the little rock nine. She was the first to be suspended and then expelled from the highschool. She faught back the tourmenting and got in trouble. She then moved to NY and attended Licoln Highschool. She later recieved many awards for her work on social justice.


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