Cirrhosis of the Liver

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by hcstudent10
Last updated 8 years ago

Human Anatomy

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Cirrhosis of the Liver

For these critical functions to carry out properly, the liver has to be working normally. For the liver to be working properly, it's relationship with blood has to be in tip top shape. The liver's supply of blood comes from the intestinal veins while the blood returns to the heart (unlike most organs which recieve blood from the arteries). The liver gets this blood through a vein called the portal vein which then breaks into smaller and smaller veins. These veins are right next to the cells of the liver.In cirrhosis, the cells of the liver are injured and destroyed and because of the that, the liver cannot get blood and therefore cannot carry out its function.

What is the Liver's Function?The liver is an incredible organ that has many functions, all of which are necessary to keep a human alive. Some of the main ones include removing toxic waste (i.e. drugs) from the body and regulating the body's supply of glucose and lipids.

Cirrhosis of the Liver

CausesAlcohol AbuseHepatitis B, C, DFatty LiverDestruction/Hardening/Scarring of Bile ductsPoorly Formed Bile DuctsHemochromatosis (iron buildup)Autoimmune HepatitusCystic FibrosisWilson's Disease (copper buildup)Schistosomiasis (parasite infection)Inherited diseases regarding sugar metabolism

SymptomsFatigueBleeding/Bruising EasilyItchy SkinJaundiceAscitesLoss of AppetiteNausaLeg swellingWeight loss

TreatmentMedicationWeight LossAlcohol dependency treatmentLiver Transplant

PrognosisCirrhosis is caused by scarring of the liver. since scarring can not be redone, the liver can always face complications.Bleeding disorders Ascites (which further fluid can also get infected)Enlarged veins in the esophagus, stomach, or intestines that bleed easily Increased pressure in the blood vessels of the liver Kidney failureLiver cancer Mental confusion, change in the level of consciousness, or coma

Anyone can get cirrhosis, but it is commonly found and obese people and those who severely abuse acohol.


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