Christopher Columbus

by Ancortall
Last updated 5 years ago

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
History

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Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus was a well-known Spanish explorer of Italian origin. His main expedition took place in 1492, when he opened America for the Europeans. He is still known worldwide as the discoverer of America. Columbus was the first traveler who crossed the Atlantic Ocean in the subtropical and tropical belts of the northern hemisphere and entered the Caribbean Sea. All in all, he had made four voyages to America. The explorer was born in 1451 in the Republic of Genoa, which is now the part of modern Italy. His family was rather poor and he had several brothers and a sister.

Columbus studied at the University of Pavia. Around 1470 he married one navigator’s daughter. Since then, he participated in maritime trade expeditions. In 1474, he got a letter from his friend geographer saying that India can be reached by a shorter route if they sail west. That information encouraged him to project a sea voyage to India.

Columbus made four research expeditions, describing all the events in his logbook. Unfortunately, the original journal hasn’t survived. The official date of the discovery of America was the 12th of October, 1492. Columbus with his tree ships and a crew of 120 sailors landed on the island which he named San Salvador. After all his expeditions he returned to Seville. By that time he was already seriously ill.

Unfortunately, he couldn’t restore the privileges and rights that granted to him earlier. The explorer died on May 20th, 1506, in Valladolid. The importance of his discoveries was recognized only in the middle of the 16th century.

Biography

Birth & Death

Cristoforo Colombo; Cristóbal Colón; born between 31 October 1450 and 30 October 1451, Genoa; died 20 May 1506, Valladolid

Map of expeditions.

Bronze Medallion "Christopher Columbus "


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