Chloroform

In Glogpedia

by nwhite20
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Chemistry
Grade:
9

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Chloroform

Chloroform

Organic

How and Why it's Used

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Other Names

History of Chloroform

The chemical substance had been first produced in 1831 almost simultaneously in the USA by Samuel Guthrie and in France by Eugène Soubeiran. Samuel Guthrie, when he mixed whiskey with chlorinated lime.By the time the American Civil War broke out in 1861, both ether and chloroform had been in use for several years as methods of surgical anesthesia.

Why it's Important Important

Chlorofrom help to dissenfect water, working with chlorine. It is used in the building, paper and board industries, and in pesticide and film production.

Chloroform is a Volatile Organic Compound. That means that Chloroform is emitted as a gase from certain solids or liquids. Volatile means that these chemicals evaporate or can easily get into the air at room temperature. Organic means these chemicals are carbon based.

Used to extract and purify penicillin..Chloroform used to be used as an anaesthetic. But it is not anymore becuase of the relatively high risk of complications, including possible heart failure. Toxic to the liver. Depresses most of the bodys organs such as blood vessels, liver, pancreas, and kidneys.Levels can be higher in industrial areas as well as in the air above swimming pools containing chlorine.Chloroform is used as a solvent whitch helps other substances dissolve.

Trichloromethane, Methane trichloride, R-20.


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