Chippewa Tribe

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Chippewa Tribe

Interesting Facts:-The Chippewa people refer to themselves as Anishinabe, an Indian term meaning "original man" or "first man".-Their culture has evolved over the years and now allows men and women who want to become leaders to be elected as chiefs.

Chippewa's Way of Living-The Chippewa used birch-bark for many things they needed but they were especially known for their well-crafted birch-bark canoes. Light and strong, these canoes were able to carry heavy loads through the water.-The Chippewa not only caught different types of fish, but they also caught crayfish, mussels, frogs and turtles from the water-Some Chippewa crafts were made to look pretty or for decorations but many were made for practical uses such as baskets, wampum, snowshoes, and moccasins. Some art of the Chippewa are dream catchers and intricate beadwork.-Woodland Chippewa lived in houses called wigwams which were made of birch-bark. Chippewa living in the Great Plains region lived in tipis made of animal hide.-Once the French and English settlers arrived in the 1600's, the tribe became involved in fur-trading.-Women traditionally wore long dresses and kept their hair in long braids until the introduction of European styles including blouses and jackets made of cloth. Men wore breechcloths and leggings. Both men and women wore moccasins and ponchos in colder temperatures.-Harvesting and making wild rice was a very important task for the Chippewa. Rice was a major food source and was also used in many important ceremonies.-Rice making was a multi-step process involving drying, parching, hulling and finally winnowing. Much of the process is still done by the Chippewa today.-Chippewa women were farmers and did mostly taking care of the children and cooking. Men were hunters and sometimes went to war to protect their families. Both men and women practiced storytelling, artwork and music, and traditional medicine. Chippewa men and women worked together to harvest wild rice. An Chippewa man used a pole to steer through the reeds, while his wife knocked rice grains.

THE CHIPPEWAThe Chippewas are one of the largest American Indian groups in North America. There are nearly 150 different types of Chippewa Indians living throughout their original homeland in the northern United States, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan and southern Canada.

CHIPPEWABY: Zoe Binder and Alisha Ivory


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