Chinese New Year - Model (History)

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by Millsie14
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World Culture
Grade:
3

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Chinese New Year - Model (History)

What is Chinese New Year?Chinese New Year is one of the most important celebrations to Chinese people. The date aligns with the lunar calendar, and occurs sometime between late January and early February. The celebrations last for up to 15 days, ending with the Lantern Festival.

Why is this event significant?Chinese New Year is a time for families to get together, welcome new beginnings, and let go of the past. It is a time to get rid of bad luck from the previous year, and look forward to the year ahead. Traditions include decorating houses and streets with signs of good luck, and wishing others happiness and good fortune. On New Years eve, families reunite to share a big feast.

How is this event celebrated?There are various cultural traditions associated with Chinese New Year. People hang up red banners and symbols of good luck on their walls. Children receive red envelopes filled with money. Community celebrations take place involving dragon parades, lion dances and fireworks. On the last day of the celebrations there is a Lantern Festival where people carry and let go of lanterns.

Who celebrates this event?Chinese New Year is an important celebration for Chinese people living in China, Australia, and many other countries in the world. People from other cultural backgrounds also celebrate Chinese New Year because it has become a significant event in our multiculural calendar.

Where is it celebrated?Chinese New Year is celebrated in many countries around the world including China, Taiwan, United States, and United Kingdom. Chinese New Year has become a significant event in Australia because of the many Chinese people who have migrated to Australia and contributed to our country.

Chinese New YearBy Mrs Baker

When did this event start?Chinese New Year has been celebrated for thousands of years. The origins of this event trace back to an ancient legend about an evil beast called Nian, that would appear at the end of the year. In this legend, Nian was scared off by the colour red, bright lights, and loud noises caused by firecrackers. This is where the traditions started.

Click on the pictures and blue text for more information and videos.

Symbols and their meanings* Red is the colour of good luck and happiness* Dragons and lions are symbols of good fortune and ward off evil spirits * Fireworks also scare off evil spirits and are an important part of Chinese New Year celebrations

Did you know that each year of the Chinese calendar represents an animal in the Chinese zodiac? What is your Chinese Zodiac sign?

ReferencesA'E Television Networks. (2014). Chinese New Year. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/chinese-new-year A'E Television Networks. (2014). Chinese New Year traditions. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/chinese-new-year-traditions Australian Government. (2009). Chinese New Year. Retrieved from http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/chinese-new-year Brooks, A. (2008). Living in Australia: Chinese Australians. Port Melbourne, Vic: Pearson Education Australia. China Highlights. (1998). Chinese Lantern Festival. Retrieved from http://www.chinahighlights.com/festivals/lantern-festival.htm Chinese New Years info. (2014). Chinese New Year. Retrieved from http://www.chinesenewyears.info/ City of Sydney. (2009). Chinese New Year highlights video [video podcast]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sKzNPxu_QBU City of Sydney. (2014). Sydney Chinese New Year festival highlights 2014 [video podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UwiyzL2AgCk Cultural China. (2014). Chinese New Year legend. Retrieved from http://traditions.cultural-china.com/en/211Traditions9200.html Cultural China. (2014). The legend of “Year”. Retrieved from http://traditions.cultural-china.com/en/213T23T87.html Education Services Australia. (2013). F-2 The arts: Chinese New Year. Retrieved from http://www.asiaeducation.edu.au/curriculum_resources/arts_cr/f_2_chinese_new_year/f-2_chinese_new_year_landing.html Fan, Zhang. (2009). Chinese New Year story “nian” [Video podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0uJbp8d_d9c NTD on China. (2013). Discovering China – Chinese New Year [Video podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2EUsmbqnuw8Pearson, J. (2004). Let’s celebrate multiculturalism. Port Melbourne, Vic: Binara Publishing. Telegraph Media Group. (2014). Chinese New Year: Fireworks in Hong Kong mark the year of the snake. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newsvideo/9864627/Chinese-New-Year-fireworks-in-Hong-Kong-mark-the-year-of-the-snake.html Telegraph Media Group. (2014). Lantern Festival turns Taipei sky orange. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/taiwan/9065779/Lantern-festival-turns-Taipei-sky-orange.html Telegraph Media Group. (2014). Lunar New Year: Celebrations from around the globe. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10611661/Lunar-New-Year-celebrations-from-around-the-globe.html Topmarks Online. (2014). Chinese New Year. Retrieved from http://www.topmarks.co.uk/ChineseNewYear/ChineseNewYear.aspx

Image creditsLion:'Chinese New Year London' by Paola Camera (2009) under CC BY 2.0 licence from https://www.flickr.com/photos/vegaseddie/3250264788/ Dragon: 'Chinese New Year’s Parade; NYC' by Global Jet (2008) under CC BY 2.0 licence from https://www.flickr.com/photos/global-jet/2256338278/ Lanterns: 'Happy Chinese New Year' by the noggin_nogged (2007) under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 licence from https://www.flickr.com/photos/noggin_nogged/2251918567/

Reflection

How do you celebrate New Years Eve? What are the differences and similarities between your celebrations and Chinese New Year?


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