[2015] Christopher Kaimraj: China & Japan

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[2015] Christopher Kaimraj: China & Japan

China & Japan

Japan-In the year 1853 commodore Matthew C. Perry sailed into Tokyo Bay beginning trade with Japan. -Growing conflicts between Japan and Russia became a threat to Asian security.-Theodore Roosevelt was the President at the time.-In August of 1905, Roosevelt mediated a peace agreement to the Russo-Japanese war.-Roosevelt was also able to establish a promise with Russia to abandon Manchuria, which resulted in remaining part of China.-In Japan, the U.S. wanted to modernize them.-U.S. Commander Perry, treated the Japanese better than any nation ever had.-Due to this, Japan with open hands gladly accepted the U.S. attempts of introducing Western Technology to them.

China-The U.S. decided to expand here because its huge population and its ample amount of markets became increasingly important to Americans in the 1800s.-Mckinley was the U.S. President at the time.-During the year 1899 President Mckinley's secretary of state (John Hay) wrote notes to the major European powers in attempt to urge them to maintain an "Open Door" to China.-John Hay worked to maintain the preservation of the "Open Door Policy" after the Boxer Rebellion. -America's involvement in China's four security rings, led the Chinese people to feel a lot more secure, knowing that the U.S. military was protecting them.-However, America viewed China as destructable, and the Boxer Rebellion proved just that, because they were murdering their own people.

Boxer RebellionsIn 1900, in what became known as the Boxer Rebellion (or the Boxer Uprising), a Chinese secret organization called the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists led an uprising in northern China against the spread of Western influence in their country.

Spheres of InfluenceAn exclusive field of a country where nations establish areas of cultural, economic, military, or political control outside their boundaries.

America offered a lot of jobs to chinese immigrants who migrated to the U.S. in the mid-1800s. About a quarter of a million of chinese immigrants were recruited by American railroad companies. Chinese immigrants would then settle down and begin to work in fields such as mining, farming, fishing, factory work, food preperation and laundering. The U.S. also worked to protect their security by establishing a peace agreement between Japan and Russia. In America, Japanese immigrants were offered many oppurtunties. Many Japanese immigrants found work at farms, lumber mills, mining camps, general stores, restaurants and small hotels. Many started off earning very little, but eventually they progressed, launching their own businesses in the U.S. Many advanced to open their own restaurants, boarding houses, department stores and even tailoring chains. Others however, launched their own agricultural businesses, from saving their farming money. Also, a lot of Japanese women came to the U.S. as "picture brides" betrothed to emigrant men in the U.S. America did not simply affiliate themselves with other nations for selfish reasons, but to only help elevate both nations.

The Open Door PolicyA policy that favored open trade relations between China and other nations. this policy was suggested by John Hay to the major European nations and the preservation of this policy was a President's main concern.

Christopher KhaimrajIsfar ChoudhuryJulia PersaudGiselle Oviedo Pd. 9


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