Chimpanzees

In Glogpedia

by jlucido
Last updated 8 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Zoology
Grade:
7

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Chimpanzees

CLASSIFICATIONCommon Name: ChimpanzeeScientific Name: Pan (all) troglodytes (cave dwellers)Kingdom: AnimaliaClass: MammaliaOrder: PrimatesFamily: Hominidae

Reproduction Gestation period is 230 days or 7 to 8 months. Young ride on the mother's back for 3 years and remain with her for 10 years. Females have their first baby around age 13 and can have one baby every 3 years. Rarely do they have twins; there are only 3 known cases.GrowthAdult chimpanzees are approximately 4-5 feet in height. Males weigh approximately 75-155 lbs and femailes are 57-100 lbs.LongevityChimpanzees can live for 45 to 60 years.

REGION & HABITAT Chimps can be found in equatorial Africa from southern Senegal, across the forested area north of the Congo River, through Zaire to western Uganda and Tanzania. The largest remaining populations are in Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, & Cameroon. Their habitat is the tropical rainforest and some have been observed in savannahs. Chimps live in groups of 25 to 80 individuals with a dominant male. They spend most daylight hours in trees and occassionally they walk on forest floors. Chimpanzees sleep at night in tree nests made of branches and vines.

CHARACTERISTICS Chimpanzees have several distinguishing features: big ears, protrusive lips, arms longer than legs to help maneuver through the forest trees, long hands but short thumbs for tool & nest making & other daily life survival activities, and no tail. Young chimps have flesh colored ears, nose, hands & feet. Mature chimps have dark skin color (black to light brown). Their hair color is dark brown to black with a coarse texture. This helps them blend into the dark forest canopy. Chimpanzees resemeble humans more closely than any other animal. They use facial expressions to show emotions. They have problem solving abilities such as making and using tools. Chimps have a high level of parental care. Chimps also have opposable thumbs like humans which they use to eat, throw things at enemies, and grasp tree limbs. And like humans, Chimps are either right or left handed.

CHIMPANZEES

Facial Expressions & Sounds

Chimp talking (audio)

Chimp crying (audio)

Chimp angry (audio)

RESEARCHBritish scientist Jane Goodall is the world's most famous expert on chimps. She has conducted detailed studies of chimps in Africa for more than 50 years. Her most famous discovery/observation was that chimps made & used tools.CONSERVATION STATUSChimpanzees are considered endangered. They have disappeared from 4 African countries. Their survival is threatened by man who hunts them for bushmeat and traps for trafficking, zoos & experiments. Another threat to their survival is habitat loss due to deforestation. Approximately 150,000 - 250,000 remain in the wild.

Chimp uses blade of grass to eat honey & ants

Chimp uses stick in termite mound

Chimp uses stones to crack open nut shells

DIET & DAILY LIFE Chimpanzees are omnivores (plants & animals). Their diet consists of fruit, leaves, blossoms, seeds, bark, nuts, honey, insects, bird eggs & meat. Most people assume they are herbivores, but Jane Goodall observed them eating baby baboons, Colobus monkeys & small antelopes. Chimps use sticks to extract honey, ants and termites; stones to crack nuts; they chew leaves & roll them into balls to use them like a sponge to soak up water. They feed in early morning and late afternoon with rest in between. Total feeding time can be 6 to 8 hours per day.

Chimpanzees sophisticated use of tools


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