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by patmoreemily
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Social Studies

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ChileBy: Emily Patmore

Religion In ChileChilean culture is an interesting mix of native and Spanish influences. Most Chileans are Roman Catholics. Their religion plays a big role in their social and political life. Most of the religious instruction in Chilean public schools are exclusivly Roman Catholic.

Fun Facts!- The capitol of Chile is Santiago- The current population of Chile is 17.62 million- The type of money they use in Chile is the Chilean Peso- The total area of Chile is 291,930 square miles

LanguagesThe official language of Chile is Spanish but there are still some other less used languages present throughout Chile. Some of those languages are Mapadungun, which is spoken between the Itala and Tolten rivers, and Aymara, which is spoken in the mountains of the north

Climate Of ChileSince Chile is in the Southern Hemisphere, June, July, and August are the Winter months and December, January, and February are the Summer months. Winter is normally short and when the most rainfall occurs. The far south part of Chile has a cool, damp climate but in the North, there is almost no rainfall at all. Chile can be divided into three major climatic areas. It's very dry in the north, cool and damp in the south, and the middle part of Chile which weather varies.

Imports and Exports Chile's major imports are petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, and natural gas. Some of the major exports include minerals, fish and fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals and wine

Customs and Traditions of ChileansSome of the most popular traditions among Chileans are Fiestas Patrias, which is celebrated on September 18 and 19 to commemorate the First Assembly of Government in 1810. The Chilean Rodeo is also popular, which is when riders try to rope young bulls in a cresent-shaped field called a medialuna.

Chile's Flag

Government of ChileChile is governed under the constitution from 1981 as amended. It is a multiparty democracy with a directly elected president that serves a four-year term. The bicmeral legislature consists of a 38-seat Senate, whose members serve an 8-year term, and a 120-seat Chamber of Deputies.

Landmarks of ChileChile is home to many natural landmarks along with attractions. One of them is the world's driest desert, the Atacama Desert. Some other landmarks are La Portada, a high cliff, Laja Falls, a tall, beautiful waterfall, and Porche De La Baleine, a huge cave. Some attractions are La Moneda, which is where the President of the Republic of Chile lives, another attraction is Casa Colorada, which is a colonial house, located in Santiago, that was built in 1769.

Laja Falls

Geography of ChileChile is located south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina. Chile fills a narrow 2,880 mile strip between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. One third of Chile is covered in the Andes Mountains. The northern part of Chile is the driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert. Then, in the center of the country is a largly populated valley

History of ChileChile was originally under the control of the Incas in the North and the Araucanos in the South. In 1541, a Spaniard, Pedro De Valdivia, founded Santiago. Finally, Chile gained gained it's independence from Spain in 1818. Bernado O' Higgins remained their dictator until 1823. Later on in 1970, Salvador Allende became the first president of the non-communist country. He quickly established relations with Cuba. Then, Allende was overthrown and killed in a military coup. Today, Michelle Bachelet is the president of Chile.

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