Child Mortality Research

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Child Mortality Research

Child Mortality;

Global child deaths have reached a record low, falling below 10 million per year to 9.7 million, down from almost 13 million in 1990, according to UNICEF.

The death of children and infants under the age of five years old.

A number of countries have made particularly dramatic progress since the previous surveys of 1999-2000, with Morocco, Vietnam and the Dominican Republic reducing their under-five mortality rates by more than one-third. Madagascar has cut its rate by 41 per cent, while Sao Tome and Principe has seen its rate fall by 48 per cent. Of the 9.7 million children who perish each year, 3.1 million are from South Asia, and 4.8 million are from Sub-Saharan Africa. In the developing world, child mortality is considerably higher among children living in rural areas and in the poorest households.

Among these goals, which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, is a commitment to a two-thirds reduction in child mortality between 1990 and 2015, a result which would save an additional 5.4 million children by 2015.

According to the World Bank, a supporter of the program, 94 percent of the Bolsa Familia funds reach the poorest 40 percent of the population. Most of the money is used to buy food, school supplies, and clothes for the children, and the family continues to receive the money only if their children stay in school.

With less than five years left until the 2015 deadline, Latin American and the Caribbean countries have come a long way towards keeping their children alive. According to the United Nations Millennium Development Report 2009 , the child mortality rate in Latin America decreased from 54 deaths per 1,000 births in 2000 to 24 deaths per 1,000 births in 2007.


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