Child Labor in the Industrial Revolution

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by emilyaoife
Last updated 8 years ago

Social Studies
World History

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Child Labor in the Industrial Revolution

In the IR, new inventions leaded to factories and new job openings. It wasn't long until children under aged 16 were being hired and working in dirty and unsafe factories. The most common factory child labor occured in were cotton factories in small cities.

Child Labor in the Industrial Revolution

Kids as young as six years old worked around dangerous machines, sometimes being sent under them while they were still going. Hair, fingers, arms and legs often got caught in the fast-paced machines. Kids were injured and occasionally died on the job.

Children often became sick due to the unsanitary and dirty factories. Toxins and fumes breathed in by the children could result in serious chronic conditions, sickness, or even death.

Kids received harsh treatment. If they were late, a punishment that was practiced wre "weighting" the children. A heavy weight was put on their neck and they would have to walk up and down the factory aisles for an hour.

In some factories, a girl's hair was cut off if they were caught talking to a boy.

Kids have been beaten and whipped harshly. In some cases, children were beaten until death just for dropping an item on the ground.

Kids were barely paid a penny before the Factory Act of 1833. In this act, children still received only about a fraction of what an adult would get.

Children worked a 16 hour shift with a typical one meal break, which was lunch. They worked from 5am to 10 pm.

In the early nintienth century, the British government finally took steps to protect the children from child labor. They passed the Cotton Factories Regulation Act, the Ten Hour Bill, and the Regulation of Child Labor Law.


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