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by sueboo2
Last updated 10 years ago

Social Studies

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Cherokee Tribe

The first known European-Native American contact was in 1540, when a Spanish expedition led by Hernando de Soto passed through Cherokee country.

In 1802, the U.S. promised to extinguish Indian titles to lands claimed by Georgia in return for Georgia's cession of the western lands that became Alabama and Mississippi. To convince the Cherokee to move voluntarily in 1815, the US government established a Cherokee Reservation in Arkansas.

Over 16,000 Cherokee were forcibly relocated westward to Indian Territory in 1838-1839, a migration known as the Trail of Tears. They marched over 800 miles across Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas, the people suffered from disease, exposure and starvation, and as many as 4,000 died.

In 1756 the Cherokee fought with the British in the French and Indian War.

The Cherokee people are best known for their fine baskets usually made from cane, white oak, hickory bark and honeysuckle.

North Carolinian settlers came on Cherokee lands in Tennessee, forming the Watauga Association. Daniel Boone and his party tried to settle in Kentucky, but the Shawnee, Delaware, Mingo, and some Cherokee attacked a scouting and forage party that included Boone’s son. The American Indians used this territory as a hunting ground; it had hardly been inhabited for years. The conflict sparked the beginning of what was known as Dunmore's War (1773–1774).

Trail of Tears

The traditional Cherokee diet consisted of mostly wild meat, especially wild hogs and white-tailed deer,corn and bean bread, pumpkins, dried fruit, and nuts.

Sequoyah created the Cherokee syllabary which was the only time in recorded history that a member of an illiterate people independently created an effective writing system.

The cherokees were skilled hunters. For large animals they used a bow and arrows, and for smaller game they used cane-stalk blowguns. they used the blowguns with extreme accuracy up to 60 feet away.



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