Chemical Warfare

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Chemical Warfare


Chlorine Gas

About D.CIt was administed by a blue cross shell that would emit smoke, and when tossed into trenches, the gas/smoke would spread.Effects include:Digestive/Respitory - would primarily irritate mucous membranes to produce congestion, coughing, sneezing, and eventually nausea and vomiting. Could penatrate the gas mask's of the time, which would irritate violentely, forcing the removal of the device

About C.GThe agent was discharged from cylinders that would form a cloud of gas, and with the wind, it spread in the trenches.Effects Include:Respitory - if inhaled, it reacts with water in lungs to produce hydrochloric acid that burns the insides.Other effects include: blurred vision, watery eyes, blisters if exposed to skin, coughing, shortness of breath

HistoryChlorine Gas first made its apperance in WWI when german forces fired 150 tons at allied troops at Ypres, Belgium. It was specifically used in the trenches of allied soldiers, such as the ones in Ypres. The Germans had been wanting to use it because they knew it would catch them off guard. This was the 1st killing agent used by the germans in a war.

Vomiting agent, known to cause sneezing, coughing, headache, & vomiting

Vapor/gas, Vesticant or Blistering Agent, which causes blistering on contact

Pulmonary Agent, inflicts damage to respitory tract, effects ability to breathe



HistoryLewisite was originally produced by the U.S to use in WWI in 1918; however, while it was being shipped, WWI had ended. Allegations that Japan and China were using it against each other in the 1930's - 1940's. This maybe true as Beijing reported that Japan left C.W in streams and fields when defeated in WWII, with Lewister being one of them. The U.S decided to produce Lewisite because chemical agents were seen to have been an effective tactic. It eventually became a staple in future wars, which prompted China and Japan to use them.

About LewisitePresumably fired similarly to Mustard Gas, in shells and grenades.Effects Include:Skin - pain and irritation will develop if exposed to skin, with large fluid-filled blisters forming hours later.Other Effects include: pain and swelling of the eyes, runny or bloody nose, diarrhea, nausea, "lewis Shock".Can easily penatrate through clothing.

HistoryIt was invented by Michaelis in 1878 and was later used by the Germans on the western front during Trench warfare in WWI. After the Germans had introduced small quantites in Britain, it produced good results that later led to a mas production of Diphenycloroarisine.

A chemical weapon agent (CWA) is a chemical substance whose toxic properties are used to kill, injure or incapacitate human beings.

Ivan Villegas 10.3



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