[2015] Veronica Flores: Charles Darwin

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by Rangelib
Last updated 3 years ago

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Subject:
Scientific Biographies
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[2015] Veronica Flores: Charles Darwin

He left on the voyage around the globe aboard the Beagle Voyage, in December 27, 1831, He arrived at the Galapago islands in September 1835 . Darwin’s reason for going was to prove and note the changes between animals and link them to science and fieldwork, but his main reason was to get his hands on the journey of a lifetime. He called them(the islands) the ‘’ Frying Pans’’ because they were made of volcanic rock, and although they were surrounded by water, and were humid, they had warm temperatures. The islands were crawling with iguanas and turtles. The crew even took some small turtles aboard the ship with them as pets!

Charles Darwin

Charles Who?

Charles Darwin grew up in a wealthy house and was raised as a Christian. His Grandparents were important figures in the anti slavery campaign and his grandpa Erasmus Darwin wrote a book that proposed the idea that one species could evolve into another. They inspired him to pursue his dreams. His family was always open to new ideas. Charles went to grammar school, but he was most interested in chemistry, nature, and the environment. He even earned the nickname ‘’Gas’’ in middle school after he dozed off in the lab. After failing traditional English school, when he was 16 his father sent him to Edinburgh University, which was one of the best science schools. In that school he learned chemistry, rock formation, how to identify plants, and he even learned how to stuff birds!

Charles Darwin was the man who invented the theory of evolution.

This is Charles Darwin. Of course he's aged here, but still pretty smart regardless.

To the Galapagos!

Charles Darwin studied the animals in the Galapagos islands, which were unlike anything he saw before. The same kind of animal in one island could be completely different in another island.

The Animals of the Islands

Charles took a massive sail boat named the HMS Beagle, It was 90.3 feet tall, and had recently gotten a new deck which gave the ship better handling.

Alright, so what about his life?

Natural Selection is when a population’s individuals have different traits, differences in reproduction, and common traits that have been widely inherited in the population that give an advantage in their environment. In a population, different individuals might have a different trait than another individual, such as some having different eye or fur color. These traits might cause some members of the population to cease or grow because the traits have both advantages and disadvantages linked to them. Traits with disadvantages will be less likely to be inherited to offspring because reproduction of those traits would most likely cease. Therefore, traits with advantages will be more common in the population.

When Darwin first studied the birds in the island, he had no idea that all of them were finches. However, as he continued studying, he realized all were actually finches. Each island had its own finch species. One of the things he observed was that the biggest difference amongst the finches was their beak shape.

One example of the animals the Darwin observed is the iguanas; Charles found out by observing them that some iguanas were aquatic, while others were terrestrial and stayed on land. Therefore, he studied marine iguanas. Charles observed that the marine iguanas preferred rocky shore. The males were also more colorful than the females, and that the race differences between the iguanas was highlighted by the iguana’s color.

These are books that Darwin wrote

These are the islands that are a part of the Galapagos Islands. The Island Isabella was named after the Spanish queen Isabella and Fernandina was named after The spanish king Fernard and San Cristobal, was named after Christopher Columbus, Pinta was named after the ship(Pinta) that Columbus took(along with Nina and Santa Maria, which is what Santiago is named after).

One of the animals he observed was the Giant Tortoise. Darwin observed that they were so large;it was possible to have two men ride on them. Darwin noticed that they were well suited to their environment because of traits like their padded legs for walking on rock, or their thick nails to give support against sharp material. Darwin also observed that the shells on different tortoises curved depending on their diet or habitat. In the turtles that ate from shrubs or high plants, the shell would curve upwards so that their neck could reach up. If they ate close to the ground, their shells would be circular, or smooth.

Citations:Charles Darwin. Digital image. Wikipedia.org. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.The Descent of Man. Digital image. Wikipedia.org. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.Brittanica"Charles Darwin and Natural Selection: Darwin's Observations."Moodleshare. CK 12 Foundation, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015."Evolution." Understanding Evolution. National Center for Science Education, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2015.


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