Charles Darwin

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Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies
Grade:
5

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Charles Darwin

After graduating from Cambridge in 1831, Darwin was enrolled at age 22 on the ship HMS Beagle recognition as a naturalist to undertake a scientific expedition around the world.

Charles Darwin

At the end of his studies in 1825 at the Shrewsbury School, he entered the University of Edinburgh, where he began to study medicine. Two years later he left the race and he was admitted to the University of Cambridge in order to become Minister of the Church of England.

After his return to England in 1836, Darwin began to collect their ideas about the change of species in their notebooks about transmutation of species. The explanation of the evolution of organisms appeared him after reading the book essay on the principle of population (1798) of the British Economist Thomas Robert Malthus, who explained how the balance was maintained in human populations.

Darwin discovered that many of their comments fit in Lyell's uniformitarian theory. During his tour of South America, also observed great diversity of plants, animals and fossils, and collected a large number of samples studied on his return to England. In the Galapagos Islands observed closely related species but that they differed in their structure and in their eating habits, and concluded that these species had not appeared at this place but that had migrated from the continent's Galapagos.

Darwin immediately applied the reasoning of Malthus to animals and plants, and in 1838, had already prepared a draft of the theory of evolution through natural selection.

The trip to Beagle

Was born on February 12, 1809, and died on April 12, 1882.


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