Chapter 4: Nuts And Bolts

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by medodson333
Last updated 5 years ago

Language Arts

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Chapter 4: Nuts And Bolts

-Many English learners whose native language does not use the English alphabet have dificulty learning the alphabet and writing it, especially in cursive.-The directionality of English texts (right to left) is difficult for some learners-Getting used to upper/lower case letters and where they fall on the lines on the page can be problematic

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Chapter 4:Nuts and Bolts

The Handwriting Challenge

Recognition: students must be able to recognize English letters before they can learn to write them.Production: involves learning the direction that writing goes and where to position writing on the lines, then writing in cursive.

Teaching Handwriting

-English spelling rules are relatively regular, but there are exeptions. -Homophones: words that sound the same but are spelled differently.-Teaching prefixes and suffixes can be beneficial because they are in muliple words.

The SpellingChallenge

-Copying from the board-Taking notes-Whisper game - students line up and 1st student is given a sentence. They take a minute to study the sentence and spelling, then try and write it down from memory. Repeat until the sentence passes through each student

-Reading practice (silently and out loud)-Identify a sound (in a written passage or oral word list)-Identify diaphraphs and trigraphs* in oral word lists-Put words in alphabetical order-Give a list of words and have students identify the spelling rule-Dictation -Secret codes games: each letter is given a number and students write each other letters using the numbers-Teacher gives the spelling backwards and students race to figure out what the word is


Teach students to use correct punctuation from the beginning (Capitalization, periods, commas, colons, hypens, question marks, etc.)-Have students identify what punctuation is being used in a passage and why-Give a passage with no punctuation and have students put it in-Give a list of words, some capitalized and others not. Have students identify which are capitalized and why

I had never considered the importance of copying before. I understand that copying can be valuable in giving students practice handwriting and spelling. It gets students used to paying attention to the details that help make writing understandable to the readers. However, I am unsure about how this would look in the classroom. Is this something that should be used at the beginner level? Should it be used during the lesson or during activities? How often would copying activities be appropriate, and useful for students? Does the students' purpose in learning English matter?

Teaching Punctuation




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