Cerebral Palsy

In Glogpedia

by vl151
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
12

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Cerebral Palsy

- All children should have an integrated, coordinated multidisciplinary care plan with early intervention- Physical therapy interventions such as gait training and neurodevelopmental therapy- Occupational therapy interventions such as task-oriented or context-focused therapy- Orthopedic interventions such as casting, bracing, and orthotics- Medications such as botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) for lower limb treatment or upper limb treatment

What is it?

- Abnormalities in motor and posture development due to nonprogressive lesions in the brain - Patients often have abnormalities in muscle tone, muscle strength, muscle bulk, balance, sensation, and reflex patterns- Equinus deformity causes a characteristic gait pattern (see video)- Abnormalities in both nerve and muscle tissues contribute to weakness in children with cerebral palsy- May be diplegia, hemiplegia, or quadriplegia- Varies from mild to severe (requiring wheelchair)

Treatment

Epidemiology

Complications

CEREBRAL PALSY

- Reduced motility and muscle abnormalities leading to chronic pain, depression, oromotor impairment and dysphagia, osteopenia and fractures, early-onset DMII, dyslipidemia- Pneumonia is most common cause of mortality

- 2 cases per 1000 infants- Risk factors: prematurity, low birth weight, in-utero exposure to toxins or infection, perinatal asphyxia, low APGAR score, family history- Associated with intellectual delay, attention problems, seizures, sleep disorder- Cerebral abnormalities in 87% of children


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