[2019] Jessica Corbett (4th P. STEM Science): Cells: The Building Blocks Of Life

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by sajage
Last updated 11 months ago

Cell Biology

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[2019] Jessica Corbett (4th P. STEM Science): Cells: The Building Blocks Of Life

Guiding Question and Claim:

Are plants and animal cells the same, similar, or different?Although having very similar organelles and structure, animal and plant cells are not the same. However, they are more alike than different.


Educational Website Supporting My Claim

Emptiness of Cells:The vast world I live in feels emptyWhat is my purpose? According to scientists I provide structure and support, but who is there to support me?I facilitate growth through mitosisI allow passive and active transport, produce energy, create metabolic reactionsAnd I aid in reproductionAlthough my main purpose is to survive, it seems maybe I don't want that anymoreLife feels like a broken recordI provide for animals and plants but when do I provide for myself?I want to be something greater then I ambut perhaps that's hopeless I am only a helperI am only a simple cell



Freestyle poem about cells

As you can see, plant and animal cells share many of the same organelles including the nucleus, nuclear pore, nuclear envelope, nucleolus, chromatin, mitochondrion, vacuole, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, smooth endoplasmatic reticlum, and the rough endoplasmatic reticlum. Furthermore there are some organelles that are significant to only plant cells and only animal cells. The chloroplast and cell wall are only present in plant cells while centrioles are present in only animal cells.

This website is exceptional for identifying similarities and differences between animal and plant cells.


Although plant and animal cells are very close in structure and have similar organelles, they are not completely the same. However, they are more alike than different. For example, both plant and animal cells share the nucleus, nuclear pore, nuclear envelope, nucleolus, chromatin, mitochondrion, vacuole, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, smooth endoplasmatic reticulum, and the rough endoplasmatic reticulum. Furthermore, the cell membrane (organelle significant to the plant cell) and the plasma membrane (organelle significant to the animal cell) are just different names for the same structure. They both are a double layer of lipids and proteins that surround a cell and separates the cytoplasm (the contents of the cell) from the surrounding environment. Plant and animal cells are very similar in structure, and have many of the same organelles, but are not completely the same.      As well as having similarities to animal cells, plant cells have few organelles that are only present in them. These include the chloroplast which is an organelle crucial to the process of photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide, water, and light energy are used to make glucose and oxygen. Furthermore, another organelle present in only plant cells is the cell wall, which is a rigid covering that protects the cell, provides structural support, and gives shape to the cell. Also both plant and animal cells have vacuoles but they are much larger in plants, and there is generally only 1 vacuole in plant cells while animal cells will have several, smaller ones. Plant cells are unique in ways that animal cells could never hope to accomplish.     Animal cells also have features only significant to only them as well. For example, the centrioles. The main function of the centriole is to help with cell division. They also help in the development of the spindle fibers that divide the chromosomes during mitosis.In conclusion, plant and animal cells, although having very similar organelles and structure, they are not the same.


Website explaining Cell Theory

Link to Mrs. Geisbush's cell termshttps://quizlet.com/149742679/cells-stem-science-engineering-geisbush-flash-cards/

Essay regarding cells and systemshttps://docs.google.com/document/d/1zvkS5RV58K_1bHzJU7a_P1CjaaDM6jteXePj1g5-maQ/edit?usp=sharing

Video of  me summarizing my reasoning for the CER portion of this project



The cell theory states that all living things are made up of cells, cells are the most basic building blocks of life, and all cells come from preexisting cells through the process of cell division.



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