Ceara Hall

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Ceara Hall

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), or simply, diabetes, is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the body's ability to produce and/or use insulin.

Type 1 Diabetes•Frequent urination•Unusual thirst•Extreme hunger•Unusual weight loss•Extreme fatigue and IrritabilityType 2 Diabetes•Any of the type 1 symptoms•Frequent infections•Blurred vision•Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal•Tingling/numbness in the hands/feet•Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infectionsIf you have one or more of these diabetes symptoms, see your doctor right away.

-Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar (glucose) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes. Based on recently announced diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes, it is estimated that gestational diabetes affects 18% of pregnancies.-untreated or poorly controlled gestational diabetes can hurt your baby. When you have gestational diabetes, your pancreas works overtime to produce insulin, but the insulin does not lower your blood glucose levels. Although insulin does not cross the placenta, glucose and other nutrients do. So extra blood glucose goes through the placenta, giving the baby high blood glucose levels. This causes the baby's pancreas to make extra insulin to get rid of the blood glucose. Since the baby is getting more energy than it needs to grow and develop, the extra energy is stored as fat.

Tip 1: Get more physical activityThere are many benefits to regular physical activity. Exercise can help you: Lose weight Lower your blood sugarBoosts your sensitivity to insulin — which helps keep your blood sugar within a normal rangeResearch shows that both aerobic exercise and resistance training can help control diabetes, but the greatest benefit comes from a fitness program that includes both. Tip 2: Get plenty of fiberIt's rough, it's tough — and it may help you: Reduce your risk of diabetes by improving your blood sugar controlLower your risk of heart diseasePromote weight loss by helping you feel fullFoods high in fiber include fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, nuts and seeds. Tip 3: Go for whole grainsAlthough it's not clear why, whole grains may reduce your risk of diabetes and help maintain blood sugar levels. Try to make at least half your grains whole grains. Many foods made from whole grains come ready to eat, including various breads, pasta products and many cereals. Look for the word "whole" on the package and among the first few items in the ingredient list. Tip 4: Lose extra weightIf you're overweight, diabetes prevention may hinge on weight loss. Every pound you lose can improve your health. And you may be surprised by how much. In one study, overweight adults reduced their diabetes risk by 16 percent for every kilogram (2.2 pounds) of weight lost. Also, those who lost a modest amount of weight — at least 5 to 10 percent of initial body weight — and exercised regularly reduced the risk of developing diabetes by almost 60 percent over three years. Tip 5: Skip fad diets and make healthier choicesLow-carb diets, the glycemic index diet or other fad diets may help you lose weight at first, but their effectiveness at preventing diabetes isn't known nor are their long-term effects. And by excluding or strictly limiting a particular food group, you may be giving up essential nutrients. Instead, think variety and portion control as part of an overall healthy-eating plan. When to see your doctorIf you're older than age 45 and your weight is normal, ask your doctor if diabetes testing is appropriate for you. The American Diabetes Association recommends blood glucose screening if: You're age 45 or older and overweight, You're younger than age 45 and overweight with one or more additional risk factors for type 2 diabetes — such as a sedentary lifestyle or a family history of diabetesShare your concerns about diabetes prevention with your doctor. He or she will applaud your efforts to keep diabetes at bay, and perhaps offer additional suggestions based on your medical history or other factors.


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