Catharine Beecher

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by DisHelenKim
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
10

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Catharine Beecher

"If all females were not only well educated themselves but were prepared to communicate in an easy manner their stores of knowledge to others; if they not only knew how to regulate their own minds, tempers, and habits but how to effect improvements in those around them, the face of society would be speedily changed."

Catharine Beecher(1800-1878)

Personal BackgroundHometown: East Hampton, NY- oldest daughter of 13 children - born in a well-known family at a time when even wealthy women received minimal formal education.- active in supporting equal educational opportunities for women- famous writer on the position of women in society- family all advocates of social reform

1823 Hartford Female Seminary: emphasize significance of students’ ethical, intellectual, and physical development.

1841-A Treatise on Domestic Economy- claimed that women should remain in the domestic sphere for the welfare of the American society.

The American Woman’s Home (by Carine & Harriet Beecher) 1869: her most widely-read work that advised on childcare, healthcare, and other domestic duties.

As the country expanded and the common school began competing against the church for position in American society, Beecher recognized that it was the school’s responsibility to emphasize the ethical, physical, and intellectual development of children. More and more teachers were needed while men left to work in the developing filed of business and industry. Beecher realized the potential in the increasing number of educated women and supported for the wider education of women to fill the increasing need for educators.

She believed that women should stay in the domestic sphere to be most influential to the society, and even developed housewifery as a profession. Considering teaching as an extension of the domestic role, Catharine Beecher strongly advocated education of women and the role of women as teachers. She believed that if women were provided with more educational opportunities and would be able to share their knowledge with others, society would face significant changes.

! Interesting Fact !Although Beecher advocated the intellectual capabilities of women, she was an anti-suffragist throughout her entire life. She believed that women could best influence society by their domestic work at home and work in the schoolhouse. In one of her writings called “Address to the Christian Women of America” she even expressed that suffrage would render “the humble labors of the family and school to be still more undervalued and shunned.”


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