Castles in Medieval Times

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by LuciDamacus
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
European history

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Castles in Medieval Times

DrawbridgeA bridge that can be entirely or partly lifted,lowered, or moved to one side. In old castles drawbridge's were lifted to keep enemies from crossing the moat and entering.

Murder HolesA hole in the ceiling of a gateway or pasageway in a fortification through which the defenders could fire arrows, throw or pour harmful substances, or objects such as rocks down the hole to the attackers.

BattlementsA low wall for defense at the top of a tower or wall,having solid parts alternating with lower parts or openings. Soldiers stould on a platform behind the wall and shot threw the openings.

PortcullisA strong gate or gating of iron that can be raised or lowered. It was also used to close or open the gateway of an ancient castle or fortress.

SquireIn battles they were at his lord's side always ready to assist him with his needs. The night before a squire became a knight he fasted, confessed all his sins, and prayed all night.

DungeonA dark underground room or cell to keep prisoners in. Dungeons were normally prisons located in the basements of castles and forts.

OffenseAttackers usually waited until the enemies least expected them to attack and attcked very strongly. They used battering rams which was made of the strongest tree trunk they could find, and rammed these into the portcullis to break them. They also used crossbows like the ballista to shoot arrows at the enemies. It was very accurate but took many men to operate it.

DefenseCastles were built to withstand heavy sieges but even with that castles were still destroyed by attackers. For defense castles were built high and on rocky ledges so attackers had to take longer to attack the castles. There were murder holes for when attackers come into the castle they would pour harmful substances and shoot arrows through these holes.

Castles in Medieval Times By: Luci Damacus



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