Cassini-Huygens

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by Giulz
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Astronomy

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Cassini-Huygens

Cassini-Huygens was one of the hardest missions ever. It has been the only probe to orbit Saturn. The probe was originally sent out to study Saturn's rings, magnetic feilds, atmosphere and even 7 of it's moons. The probe contained two parts, Cassini and Huygens. Cassini was sent to orbit Saturn and discover more about it while Huygens was then released, and traveled to our Solar System's biggest moon, Titan. Cassini-Huygens launched on the 15th of October 1997 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, and approximately went into orbit around Saturn, on the 30th of June 2004. After a few month, Huygens was released on a 22 day trip to Titan. On the 14th of January 2005, Huygens had become the first man-made object to explore Titan. The little probe passed through thick swirling clouds and outstanding temperatures of over 18000 degrees celsius; all of this was for some incredibly amazing pictures of Titan's creepy methane lakes. (Astronomy )

FACTS AND INFORMATION The Names: Astronomer Christian Huygens (1629-1695) who discovered Titan and Astronomer Jean Dominique Cassini (1625-1712) was the first person to see a gap between each of Saturn's rings.Sizes: The size of cassini is about 6.7m high by 4m wide, while Huygens is about 2.7m in diamiter. Time for Signal to reach Earth: About 1 1/5 hour.The temperature on Titan: -178 degrees celsiusThe temperature on Saturn: -180 degrees celsiusDuring the journey to Saturn, ESA scientists "woke up" Huygens every 6 months to make sure everything was okTitan is one of our Solar System's most mysterious objects.How long did it take: Launch date-Orbit around Saturn: 7 years, 8 months and 15 daysThe mission has been extended until 2017

Background Information

Six-sided jet stream at Saturn's north pole known as "the hexagon".

WAS IT WORTH THE COST?

In my opinion this expedition was a very useful, as scientists were able to gain new facts and information about Saturn and Titan in a lot of detail. As well as this some amazingly detailed pictures were taken of both Saturn and it's surroundings. I think it was worth the cost ($3.26 billion), as these discoveries are not very common and they can help us picture how life would be there; and wether there could be life in the outer part of our Solar System. As well as this, Titan's atmosphere and parts of its land, signify both, what Earth could have looked like millions of years ago and how life on Earth may have started. This information may not have been collected if Saturn and it's surroundings had not been explored in such detail.

The first picture ever taken of Titan's surface.

CASSINI-HUYGENS


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