Cardiovascular Disease

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Subject:
Human Anatomy
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Cardiovascular Disease

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Cardiovascular disease consists of 6 different disorders that each effect different blood vessels. It commonly relates to atherosclerosis, which is a development of plaque in the walls of your arteries. When this happens, the path for your bloodflow thins out and therefore makes blood harder to travel through your body to important organs. When it is difficult for blood to flow, there are higher risks of blood clots forming and stopping the blood flow completely. This can then lead to heart attack or stroke.

Arteries are the large blood vessels in your body that carry the blood from your heart to all the other organs and muscles. This is important because they give those parts of your body the energy and oxygen they need to keep you alive.

-Never smoke or use tobacco. The chemicals can lead to damage of the heart and blood vessels and increase your blood pressure. Birth control pills have the same effect.-Never use alcohol irresponsibly.-Exercise daily. This helps to lower your blood pressure.-Eat a healthy, balanced diet. Make sure to include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat proteins. Also, some types of fish can help to reduce your risk of this disease. Do your best to stay away from red meat, fried fast food and baked goods.-Get a good amount of sleep each night. This will lower your risk of heart attack. Teens need at least 8 to 10 hours of sleep each night in order to function properly.

Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism:A deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot that starts in the leg veins, which can then lead to a pulmonary embolism. This means the blood clot moves from the vein in the leg to the heart and lungs and causes more problems.

Peripheral Arterial Disease:A disorder of the blood vessels that deliver blood to the arms and legs.

Rheumatic Heart Disease:Illness of the heart from rheumatuic fever: a fever that causes pain in your joints. It is created by streptococcal bacterica.

Coronary Heart Disease:A disorder of the blood vessels that deliver blood to the heart. It is the most common type of cardiovascular disease.

Cerebrovascular Disease:A disorder of the blood vessels that deliver blood to the brain.

Congenital Heart Disease:This is a different disorder of the heart. Instead of it being a disease you can prevent, the defects form in the heart before birth.

WHO does Cardiovascular Disease Effect?The risk factors include:-AGE: By the age of 55, the risk of getting this disease increases, doubling every decade after that.-GENDER: Males have greater risks than females. However, after menopause the females risks are similar to males.-FAMILY HISTORY: If a close blood relative has had any form of cardiovascular disease in the past, your risks increase.-ETHNICITY: People with African or Asian background have greater risks than other nationalities.Preventable risk factors include:-Tobacco and cigarette use-High blood pressure and high cholesterol-Obesity-Inactivity in exercise-An unhealthy diet-Negative use of alcoholLastly, mental health:-Lots of stress in your life-Social isolation (loneliness)-Depression-Anxiety

Streptococcal bacteria is a type of bacteria that causes sicknesses such as strep throat and scarlet fever.

Symptoms-Chest pain (also known as angina.) This can also be felt in the shoulder, arms, neck throat, back or jaw.-Breathing difficulties-Irregular heartbeats (palpitations)-Dizziness-Stomachaches or nausea-Weakness in your limbs caused by the lack of blood flow

DID YOU KNOW...Cardiovascular disease is the #1 cause of death as of 2012, beating out all forms of cancer.

Prevention

What is Cardiovascular Disease and What Does it Effect?

Works Cited-"Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs)." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2015.-"Heart Disease." Definition. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2015.-"Heart Disease Symptoms ' Signs of Heart Problems - WebMD." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2015.-"What Is Cardiovascular Disease?" What Is Cardiovascular Disease? N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2015.

By: Anais Chanthara


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