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Social Studies
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The Caravel

The Caravels PurposeThe Caravel was meant to carry heavy cargo, and for Transatlantic exploration. It was known for its speed, maneuverability, safety, and ease to control.It was also used for commercial fishing in the 13th century and used for trading close to shore. The ship was very durable for long distance journies.

Gray print Caravel modeled ship

The Hull DesignThe hulls of caravels were mixtures of Iberian and Arab design. This means planks of the hull were butt jointed along their edges, not overlapping to still have a nice watertight compartment. Therefore it was watertight, fast and balanced in the water.

The Average size and weight of Caravels Caravel ships usually weighed about 50-150 tons, had a length of 60-90 feet, and a width of 15-20 feet.

The Sail DesignThe sail design was lateen rigged, and normally a Caravel had 2 or 3 pole masts.

Place of origin and which explorers used itThe Caravel was first made in Portugal by the Portuguese. Two of Christopher Columbus’ three ships were caravels, (the Nina and the Pinta). Bartolomeu Dias, Vasco Da Gama, Prince Harry the Navigator, and Christopher Columbus used Caravels.

Rudder design or oarsThe rudder design of the Caravel was a Stern Rudder, which was used during the late 15th and 16th centuries.

Date invented and used The Caravel was invented in 1450 and it’s invention was supported by Prince Harry the Navigator. The Caravel was used in the 15th and 16th century mainly to take little amounts of bullion, slaves, and European explorers from and to the New World, and for transatlantic voyages.

Citations"The trustworthy Encyclopedia." Conservapedia. mediawiki, 6 2012. Web. 11 Dec 2012. Beyond the black gate: A little info on ships. Blogger. Web. 11 Dec 2012. .Beyond the black gate: A little info on ships. Blogger. Web. 11 Dec 2012. .



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