captive breeding

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by keira1971
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Animals

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captive breeding

The Scimitar-Horned OryxA species of antelope, The Scimitar-Horned Oryx was very well adapted for surviving in the deserts. Because they were being excessively hunted and disturbed by humans, they almost became extinct and now, they are being bred at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology institute. At the zoo, scientists are using artificial insemination to ensure genes are spread well in the population and to eliminate the risks of animal transport.

Captive Breeding Programs

The Black-Footed FerretThe Black-footed ferret is one of three individual species of ferrets in the entire world. You can identify one by their black feet, tail tip and there coat is usually yellow with a pale belly. Settlers and city developments destroyed lots of grasslands taking over the black footed ferrets' habitat. Also, prairie dogs have been extensively hunted by farmers causing their food supply to decrease significantly. Other than that, ferrets are exposed to many human diseases, killing many ferrets. At the Toronto Zoo in Toronto, Canada, scientists have been feeding ferrets a special diet and having them reproduce in captivity. In the wild, ferrets live up to 3 years, but in captivity, they can live up to 7 years, therefore this is helping them increase in chances of survival.

Iberian LynxThe Iberian Lynx is the rarest cat in the world. In the early 19th century, the Iberian Lynx was found in Portugal, Spain and Southern France, but has declined and is now close to extinction. Compared to the Eurasian Lynx, they are half the size and are similar in appearance although they have many spots. The main reasons they became endangered was because of lack of food, being extensively hunted and loss of their habitat. They are being bred in two small facilities. One is the Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e da Biodiversidade in Portugal. The scientists are planning breeding according to certain genetic criteria. This program is fairly successful because many large litters have been born lately, and soon, there will be more born.


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