Canadian Beaver Fur Trade and History

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by SBachra
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
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Canadian Beaver Fur Trade and History

Canadian Beaver Fur Trade and HistoryRanjodh Dosanjh

For nearly 250 years, from the early 17th to the mid-19th centuries, the fur trade was a vast commercial enterprise across the wild, forested land of what is now Canada.

A large portion of the beaver population can be found in British Columbia and in lakes and streams all over the rest of Canada. It is quite hard to find beaver tracks, because their tail drags behind them on the ground and often covers the print. In the past, beavers were over hunted for their fur and meat, threatening their population. However, their numbers have since risen due to wetland rehabilitation and strict conservation practices.

Beaver Fur ExtractionBeaver Fur is extracted in Canada by it's 2 main companies associated which are the North West company in the earlier years and HBC has also always been present.

Geographic Location

Canadian BeaverScientific Name: Castor canadensis

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Trade started after the French offered the Indians" kettles, knives, and other gifts as a means to establish friendly relations. The Indians, in turn, gave pelts to the French. By the late 1500’s, a great demand for fur had developed in Europe. This demand encouraged further exploration of North America. The demand for beaver increased rapidly in the early 1600’s, when fashionable European men began to wear felt hats made from beaver fur. Such furs as fox, marten, mink, and otter also were traded.

List of Companies that extract/process Beaver- Hudson's Bay Company-North West Company-Beaver Buzz

Products Made From Beaver Fur-Beaver Pelts-Gloves-Coats-Scarves-Hat-boots etc...

19th Century was the boom of Beaver Fur Trade.

Early 1600's LocationThe first French traders established permanent shore bases in Acadia, a post at Tadoussac, and in 1608 a base at Québec to exploit the trade more effectively.

JOBS Beaver Fur trade in the1900s was up in profit 22%-Beaver skins sell from 12,000$ to 14,000$-Beaver Fur exported to other countries yearly-Fur trade is Canada’s second-oldest land-based profession. -Booming fur trade means more factories for exporting

Beaver Pelts made by the great Fur.

ExportsChina is a huge export chain, as the new Capitalist want Beaver Fur in Demand.Well, China’s new capitalists would rather wear fur than go naked. And that is good news for Canadian trappers, says Mark Downey, CEO of Fur Harvesters, a trapper-owned co-operative that markets North American furs to foreign buyers.

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