Canada before War

In Glogpedia

by Smileygirl89
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War I
Grade:
10

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Canada before War

Canada was full of young people, probably worlds highest ratio of men-women. Now just over half of our population is 40 or up. And as always women out number men.

Life

After Alberta and Saskatchewan had become provinces, the westward push was on in earnest. Winnipeg had become Canada's third largest city just before the war and just as immigration was making its mark on the West. Today, Calgary's population is more than 25 times what it was in 1914, making it third in the nation, while Edmonton more than 30 times larger ranks fifth. And Winnipeg Down to seventh, behind Mississauga, which didn't even exist 100 years ago.

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Military

Economy

What was canada like before the war?

No country for old men

Demographics

World War 1- How it changed Canada

Canada was not a military nation in 1914. It had been in just one foreign conflict, had no standing army and considered two old cruisers a navy. Defence fell to a militia of 3,110 men, backed by 74,606 citizen soldiers. Even today the Canadian Forces strong, is modest by world standards.

How they ranked

Today's average wage is almost three times what it was in 1914. But then we need that extra cash that taxes now consume on average almost half of our incomes.The cost of shelter today is almost double what it was 100 years ago, and food prices have risen even more. A loaf of bread that cost 6 cents in 1914 now goes for $2.92.The classic landline was still relatively novel in 1914 the first coast-to-coast call wouldn't be made until the next year. Today the country has 27.5 million subscribers who use wireless to do more than chat. Back then, Canadians loved to write to each other, but now most of the 3.8 billion "letters" Canada Post delivers every year are junk mail not exactly handwritten. Given the recent news that home delivery's days are numbered, the inbox clearly has more than mailbox.Today about 4.4 million travelers ride the rail with CN, CP and Via each year, while another 50 million commute on Southern Ontario's GO train. Remarkably, that's less than one tenth the number of train rides taken in 1914. Blame the rise of the horseless carriage but gridlock is now so bad that commuters are clamoring to get back on the tracks.

Back then privates earned about the same as farm laborers, while now their pay as much as $92 a day and is slightly better than the national average. Still, that's barely one-quarter of what a newly minted colonel makes, some things haven't changed all that much.At almost $18-billion, the current defence budget accounts for just over 7 per cent of federal spending close to the same as 100 years ago. But as a percentage of gross domestic product, that sum puts Canada in a tie for 98th in the world.

In 1914, the economy was all about production from forestry and agriculture (especially grain) to manufacturing. Now, however, industries that provide services contribute more than twice as much to the economy as those that actually produce goods.

The Fiscal Bond

The country was so quick to fight because its close ties to Britain were financial as well as personal. Canada attracted fully one third of all British investment in the empire. Our railways were the biggest draw for London money, but hardly the only one.


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