Calvin Coolidge

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
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Calvin Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge

Personal Info

Calvin Coolidge was born in Plymouth Notch, Vermont on July 4, 1872. His mother died when he was 12 and his sister when he was 18, but he still had a very successful political career despite these events. After graduating from Amherst College in 1895, he went on to become a lawyer, Massachusetts state representative, mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts, state senator of Massachusetts, senate president in the state senate, lieutenant governor and later governor of Massachusetts, and vice president under Harding. On August 2, 1923 he assumed office as Harding had died of a heart attack. After assuming office, he made $75,000 a year. Cooldige died on January 5, 1933.

Republican Nominee: Calvin Coolidge- 382 electoral votesDemocratic Nominee: John W. Davis- 136 electoral votesProgressive Nominee: Robert M. La Follette- 13 electoral votes

Electoral Results of the Election of 1924

His Cabinet

Vice President: Charles G. DawesSecretary of State: Charles Evan HughesSecretary of Tresury: Andrew W. MellonSecretary of War/Defense: John W. WeeksAttorney General: Harry M. Daugherty

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Year by Year Count:1923-1924: 7 vetoes1925-1926: 11 vetoes1927-1928: 32 vetoesCoolidge vetoed a total of 50 bills. Since he served a total of 5 years in office, his average number of vetoes per year was 10. If you compare this number to earlier presidents, such as Washington or Adams, this number seems quite large. However, compared to war presidents such as F.D.R., this number is not a lot. He vetoed about the same number of bills as many presidents in the past couple of decades.

Exercise of Veto

1923- Jacob Schick invents the first electric razor.1924- The first flight around the world was made by two U.S. army biplanes.1925- Robert Goddard launches the first liquid propulsion rockets.1926- The first flight over the North Pole is made by Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett.1926- 2.5 million workers go on strike in Britain.1927- Radiotelephonic connections are established between Ney York City and London.1927- Charles Lindbergh makes the first nonstop flight over the Atlantic.1927- "The Jazz Singer" is produced. It is the first "talking" motion picture.1928- Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.1928- The Representation of the People Act is passed in Britain. It gives women the same voting rights as men.

World Events

During the Harding administration, Harding was involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal. His secretary of state took bribes to sell oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming at low prices without competition. Harding knew of this scandal, yet did nothing to stop it. When Coolidge found out, he immediately dispatched an inspector to investigate, and therefore set the precedent of taking action against scandals and not covering them up. He also remained uninvolved in the 1927 coal strike, setting a precedent to remain neutral during strikes. Also, in 1924, the Supreme Court said that the president has the Constitutional power to remove federal officials from office without a Congressional vote. Although he himself did not cause this change, this was decided during his term in office.

Constitutional Issues

Summary of Administration


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