California Water Transfer Project

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by BonBonproduction
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Environmental Studies
Grade:
11

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California Water Transfer Project

Lauren M RalphAngel Vega Juarez

California Water Transfer Project

What is it?The California Water Transfer Project is a plan that is being used to transfer water form northern CA, to arid agricultural and municipal areas located in southern CA. Currently, this project is using a maze or giant dams, pumps, and aqueducts o transfer the water from northern portions of CA to southern portions of the state.

DisadvantagesWhile supplying the majority of CA with water, the California Water Transfer Project also has it disadvantages. These include: the degradation of the Sacramento River, it threatens fisheries, reduce the "Flushing Effect" that helps keep the San Francisco Bay region free of pollutants, and much of the H20 that is used is wasted.

The StructureThe California Transfer Water Project includes: 34 storage facilities (reserviors and lakes), 20 pumping plants, 4 pumping-generating plants, 5 hydroelectric plants, and approximately 701 miles of open canals and pipelines to supply 2/3rds of California's population at this time.

The Process...The California Water Transfer Project uses a series of reservoirs, aqueducts, power plants and pumping stations to transport the H2O form northern CA to southern. The water is pumped 200 ft over the Tehachapi Mtns, making it the highest water lift in the world.

The USEThe California Water Transfer Project is used to supply approximately 25 million CA residents and approximately 750,000 acres of farmland with fresh water. The project has also had positive side effects such as: it improves the water quality in the Delta, it controls to Feather River Flood waters, and it provides recreation.

SolutionsIt has been found that if the irrigation systems were 10% more efficient, then the project would have the ability to provide ALL of CA with fresh water. So engineers are now working towards making the project more water and energy efficient in hopes of cutting down on the wasted water and the excess energy used.

Sources Used~http://www.water.ca.gov/swp/~http://reason.com/archives/2013/09/27/california-struggles-to-solve-its-water~http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_State_Water_Project


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