Byzantine Architecture

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Byzantine Architecture

Byzantine Architecture

This is an example of perfect archs used to decorate buildings.

Byzantines were very fond of using long archs seperated by columns as their windows. They put a thin wall of stone on the bottom making it look like windows.

Domes were very popular with the Byzantines. Small towers were on the buildings with them. The roofs are slanted on each side.

The main material used in the buildings were stone bricks.

This is a basillica. It's a structure of byzantine architecture. A column has an aisle on either side. Then at the front there is a semicircular dent in the wall. It was used as an assembly line and also for churches as a place to put a statue of Christ.


This complicated Byzantine Structure is called a pendentive. All it is, is four archs joining togather with a cylinder with a dome on it. Just as there are four archs there are four columns holding it up.

This column from a pendentive is made of stone bricks. They are carved at the edge and other bricks are attached to this to create this unique curvy look. This column can support a lot of weight.


One of the most famous Byzantine buildings is the Hagia Sophia. It was constructed by Emperor Constantine as a church but it later turned into a mosque.

The Hagia Sophia

Byzantine Rooms

The rooms in Byzantine architecture are octogonal, circular, or shaped like a cross many times. This is because Byzantines were christians. The reason they made their rooms octogonal was because the eighth day according to the bible was the day the world was created.

By: Tanishq Iyer


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