Bus Boycotts

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Bus Boycotts


Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an African-American Civil Rights activist. On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver's order to give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled. NAACP organizers believed that Parks was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws.Parks' act of defiance and the Montgomery Bus Boycott became important symbols of the modern Civil Rights Movement. She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon, president of the local chapter of the NAACP; and Martin Luther King, Jr., a new minister in town who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement.

PeopleRalph Abernathy, Hugo Black, James F. Blake, Aurelia Browder, Thomas Dean Brown, Mary Fair Burks, Johnnie Carr, Claudette Colvin, Clifford Durr, Georgia Gilmore, Robert Graetz, Fred Gray, Grover C. Hall, Jr., Jake Peters, Coretta Scott King, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gregory McDonel (Youngones), Edgar Nixon, Ellery Packard, Rosa Parks, Mother Pollard, Jo Ann Robinson, Bayard Rustin, Nate Singleton, Glenn Smiley, Mary Louise Smith, Kayla Michelle Smith

Bus BoycottThe Montgomery Bus Boycott started in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955 as a political and social protest to the city's policy of racial segregation on its public transportation system. The boycott lasted 381 days from December 5, 1955 until December 21, 1956 when the United States Supreme Court found that the laws regarding segregation on buses in Alabama and Montgomery were unconstitutional.

OrganizationsCommittee for Nonviolent Integration, Fellowship of Reconciliation(FoR), Men of Montgomery, Montgomery Improvement Association(MIA), National Association for the Advancement of Colored People(NAACP), Women's Political Council(WPC)


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