Bull Moose Party

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Social Studies
American History

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Bull Moose Party

Theodore Roosevelt:Roosevelt left office in 1909. He had selected Taft, his Secretary of War, to succeed him as presidential candidate, and Taft easily won the 1908 presidential election. Roosevelt became disappointed by Taft's increasingly conservative policies. Taft upset Roosevelt when he used the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to break up U.S. Steel. During his own presidency, Roosevelt had approved J.P. Morgan-owned U.S. Steel as a "good" trust.[2] They became openly hostile, and Roosevelt decided to seek the presidency.Roosevelt entered the campaign late, as Taft was already being challenged by populist Senator Robert La Follette of Wisconsin.Roosevelt far outpolled Taft in the primary elections. But as a sitting President, Taft controlled his Republican Party's organizational operations and the mechanism for choosing its presidential nominee, the 1912 Republican National Convention. So, despite Roosevelt's open attempt to block Taft's re-nomination, the party re-nominated Taft in June.[3] Before the final vote, Roosevelt had said that he would accept a presidential nomination from a new, "honestly elected", convention. He ordered pro-Roosevelt Republican convention delegates to abstain from voting, in rebuke of Taft's "steamroller tactics". The next day, Roosevelt supporters met to form a new political party of their own. California governor Hiram Johnson became its chairman, and a new convention was scheduled for August.[4] Publisher Frank A. Munsey, the largest stockholder of U.S. Steel at the time, provided much of the funding for the new organization; George W. Perkins, a director of U.S. Steel and Chairman of the International Harvester Company — one of the trusts Taft had attacked — became its executive secretary.[5][6][7]Roosevelt's ambitions to reclaim the Presidency suffered two setbacks in the interim.First, not many Republicans joined his new party.


Despite the failure of 1912, the Progressive Party did not disappear at once. 138 candidates, including women,[16] ran for the U.S. House as Progressives in 1914, and 5 were elected. However, almost half the candidates failed to get more than 10% of the vote.[17]Hiram Johnson was denied renomination for Governor as a Republican; he ran as a Progressive and was re-elected. Seven other Progressives ran for governor; none got more than 16%.[18]Some state parties remained fairly strong. In Washington, Progressives won a third of the seats in the Washington State Legislature

Lasting Impact

Robert M. La Follette Sr.from WisconsinStarted the Progressive Party in 1924


Enter your source list- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressive_Party_(United_States,_1912)

Bull Moose Party



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