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Nirvana is something that you achieve in order to stop the cycle of death and rebirth. The translation of Nirvana is enlightenment. The only way to achieve Nirvana is to follow the Buddha’s Eightfold Path. The Buddha’s Eightfold Path is a group of practice guidelines about wisdom, morals and meditation. The steps cannot be taken but has to be developed throughout a person’s life.

Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha lived around the 5th century BC. He founded Buddhism in India 2,500 years ago. He was born into a royal family in nowadays Nepal. His was born into a royal family and his early lives were full of luxury. He never noticed what is suffering and what can make people suffer. However, one day when he went out of his palace and saw people suffering from old age, sickness and death. He then decided to search for enlightenment and be enlightened for the rest of his lives. After six years of searching, he finally found it as “The Middle Path” at 35 years of age and in the deepest possible way. After he found enlightenment, he decided to teach all that he has found and learned to other people and has been doing it for the rest of his life until he was 80 years old and died.

According to Buddhism when a person dies they get reborn. This process of life, death then getting reborn is said to continue forever unless the person can achieve Nirvana. Buddhism believes that the core (real person) of a person is made up of thoughts, feelings and perceptions with the body in changing ways instead of a soul. When death comes, it is believed that the mental energy will be renewed in a new body during rebirth. Some traditions say that rebirth starts immediately and other say that it starts in 49 days. The critics of the Buddhist doctrine say that if there is no should, then there will be no identity so all the good or bad things that the person has done in the past is meaningless. Other critics say that rebirth was not part of the Buddhist’s original teachings and that the Buddha copied the term “rebirth” from the Hindu doctrine of reincarnation.


The Eightfold Path


Buddhism is polytheistic, and so it has many deities. The most common are the Buddhisttvas, The Wrathful Deities, and the Five Dhyani Buddhas. The term Buddhisttva refers to someone on the path to enlightenment, and so the Buddhisttva deities all refer to the journey to enlightenment. The Wrathful Deities are a group of divinities that wage war with any demonic entity or enemy of buddhism. The gods are as follows: Lha-Mo is the fierce goddess of Lhasa. Tshangs-pa Dkar-po, Beg-Tse, Yama the god of death, usually pictured gripping the wheel of life. Kubera, the god of wealth who isn't represented in a wrath form. Mahakala, Hayagriva and Yamantaka. The Five Dhyani buddhas also called the Buddhas of wisdom, are a major subject of Tibetan Buddhist arts and belief. Each of these Buddhas are supposedly able to overcome a certain evil and cancel it out with a certain good.


The adherents of Buddhism are called the Buddhists. They do not believe that there is a god in our world, which is why they only follow the path of Siddhartha Gautama to find enlightenment. They believe that “life is endless and subject go impermanence, suffering and uncertainty.” This is known as the tilakhana or the three signs of existence. On Earth, there are 376 million Buddhists and the number of Buddhists is increasing each year.


Buddhism is a religion that over 350 million people, which is about 6% of the world’s population, believe in. The religion started around 2,500 years ago when Siddhartha Guatama found Nirvana at the age of 35. Buddhism is becoming more and more popular in western countries because it stated, had answers and ways to solve many common problems. For example “The Four Noble Truths” is the Buddha’s first teaching. It also can help people who are interested in deep understandings of the human mind.




The Four Noble Truths


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