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Buddhism

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by Kenbarbiee16
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies
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9

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Buddhism

Buddhism

Timeline:800-500 BCE.- Composition of Hindu Upanishads552-479 BCE.- Life of Confucius 500 BCE.- Life of Lao-tzu480 BCE.- Birth of the Buddha's in Kapilavastu450 BCE.- The Buddha's enlightenment and first sermon.405 BCE.- Death of the Buddha405 BCE.- First Buddhist Council, at Rajagrha. 350 BCE.- Second Buddhist Council, at Vaisali. 327-325 BCE.- Alexander the Great in India. 300 BCE.-Buddhism arrives in SE Asia. 272 BCE.- Emperor Asoka takes throne. 250 BCE.- Third Buddhist Council, resulting in Great Schism and Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism 247 BCE.- Mahinda introduces Buddhism to Sri Lanka. 200-0 BCE.- Stupa construction at Sanci. 1st century BCE.- Theravada Buddhist Canon finished in Sri Lanka. 1st century CE.- Indian Buddhists settle in Southeast Asia. 150-250 CE.-Life of Nagarjuna. 4th century.-Rise of Vajrayana Buddhism. 350-650.- Buddhist philosophy and art flourish. 372 CE- Chinese monks bring Buddhism to Korea. 399-414.-Fa-hsien travels to India. 420.-Schools of Tiantai, Huayan, Chan, and Jingtu are bulit in China. 520.-Bodhidharma arrives in China. 526.-Viniaya school founded in Korea. 527.-Korea starts to retain Buddhism. 6th century.-Burma adopts Theravada Buddhism. 552.-Buddhism spreads from Japan from Korea. 572-621.-Prince Shotoku spread Buddhism in Japan.589.-Chinese Buddhist commentaries written. 600.-First diffusion of Buddhism in Tibet. 618-50.-Life of Songtsen Gampo; establishment of Buddhism in Tibet. 618-907.-Chinese T'ang Dynasty; golden age of Buddhism in China. 7th century.-Mahayana Buddhism adopted in Indonesia. 8th century.-Buddhism becomes state religion of Japan.741.-Japanese emperor orders a temple be built in every province. 792-94.-The Great Samye Debate decides on Indian Mahayana Buddhism as the form for Tibet. 836-842.-King Langdharma persecutes Tibetan Buddhists. 845.-Chinese emperor suppresses Buddhism. Early 10th century.-Korea institutes a Buddhist constitution. 11th century.-King of Burma restores Theravadin monasticism. Mahayana Buddhism declines. Mid-12th century.-Buddhism is virtually extinct in India. 1185-1333.-During the Kamakura period in Japan, schools of Rinzai, Soto Zen, Jodo Shu (Pure Land), Jodo Shinshu (True Pure Land), and Nichiren develop. 1231-59.-Mongols invade Korea, destroy Buddhist scriptures. 1253.-Mongolian leader Kublai Khan accepts Tibetan Buddhism. 1360.-Theravada Buddhism becomes state religion of Thailand. 14th century.-Theravada Buddhism introduced in Laos. 15th century.-Theravada Buddhism dominant in Cambodia. 1578.-Sonam Gyatso is titled the Dalai Lama by the Mongolian leader Altan Khan. 1592-98.-Japanese invade Korea. 1617-82.-Life of the fifth Dalai Lama and beginning of rule of Tibet by Dalai Lamas. 1617-82.-Life of Basho; Buddhist influence on haiku and the arts in Japan 17-18th century.-Korean Buddhism revives after regaining independence. 1749.-Mongolian Buddhist canon translated from Tibetan. 1868.-Shinto reinstated as national religion of Japan. 1910-45.-Reformations of Korean and Chinese Buddhism. 1945.-Religious freedom was introduced in Japan, with no official national religion. 1949.-Buddhism urgently was stopped by Chinese communist government. 1950.-Tenzin Gyatso becomes the fourteenth Dalai Lama. China invades Tibet and suppresses Buddhism. 1959 .-Dalai Lama goes into exile. 1976 .-The death of Mao, Buddhism begins to revive in China. 1989.-International Network of Engaged Buddhists are built. 1995.- UK Association of Buddhist Studies founded. 2001.-Destruction of the standing Buddha statues at Bamiyan.

Basic Belief:Buddhism is divided into multiple different traditions. Buddhism is sometimes referred to as reincarnation which is the concept that people are reborn after dying. Buddha compares reincarnation to a leaf growing on a tree. Which means when leafs fall off, a new leaf will eventually replace it. Itmeans it's not the old leaf but a similar but isn't identical to the main/first leaf. Nivana is a state of liberation and freedom from suffering.

Monks(followers of Buddhism)

Cultural Diffusion ' Big Rituals:The Major Rituals includes:-Buddhist Pilgrimage is a ritual of great significance.-Buddhists have prayer wheels which are another aspect to Buddhist ritual.- Mudras are a Buddhist ritual that uses symbolic hand gestures that specificly evoke ideas, deities, and scenes.-Meditation is a ritual as well because it helps improve finding enlightenment.-Tibetan and Nepalese Buddhists have a prayer wheel that is a aspect of a Buddhist ritual.Cultural Diffusion:Buddhism was founded in India and was brought to China via the Silk Road. There on Buddhism spreaded to Korea and Japan. Buddhism started as a cultural tradition in South Asia and then had a major influence on multiple culturals in East Asia.

Missionary Work:For missionary work they do as any other missionary they go spread the word about Buddhism. Buddha trained his first disciple and said this commission: " Go ye forth for the good of the many, for the welfare of the many, out of compassion for the world. Let no two of you go in the same direction, teach the Dhamma that is beautiful in the beginning, middle and end, expound both the spirit and the letter of the holy life completely fulfilled, perfectly pure. There are beings with but little dust in their eyes, who hearing the Dhamma will decline but who, if they do hear it will grow". Buddha wanted his missionaries to know no matter the decline or grow spread the word. Buddhist missionaries would arrive in different areas to begin teaching those who wanted to listen or for thoses translating text into local languages.

Who is the founder?:Buhha who is also known as Siddharta Gautama is the founder of Buddhism. It was first founded in India as a religion and then across Asia. He was born in the 6th century B.C.E as a son of the ruler among the Aryan tribes that was located near the Himalayas. In that time he was confused between his religion of his father and himself. Buddha went wondering because he was unsatisified with his religion. He felt something was missing which was enlightenment. He felt his father and elders had not found enlightenment and he felt like if he stayed he wouldn't nature of exsitents. So he followed The Samans(poor people) he felt like he could reach enlightenment by rejections of body and physical desire. He wonder about there ways for six years and found enlightenment.

Practices:As a Buddhist/follwer you are known to practice the following that are stated.Four Noble Truths:-The Truth of Suffering- The Truth of the Cause of Suffering.- The Truth of the End of Suffering.-The Truth of the Path that Frees Us From Suffering.The Four Nobel Truths are saying that "Human life has a lot of suffering. The cause of suffering is greed, and there is an end to suffering. The way to end suffering is to follow the Middle Path.The Middle Path is known as The Eightfold Path. The Eightfold Path includes these eight steps, Right understanding and viewpoint, Right valuesand attitude, Right speech, Right action, Right work, Right effort, Right mindfulness, and Right meditation.Meditation is one of the most common and well known method to a practice to Buddhism. Meditation help Buddhists look within themselves for the truth and understanding of Buddha's teachings. They seek for Enlightenment, or Nirvana is freedom from needless suffering, and being fully alive and present in one's life. Forms of Meditation:-Chanting-Admiring breath in one's as it goes in and out.-Make a haiku or short poem that captures a moment in time.

Events:Wesak and Vassa are two main events and celebrations in Buddhism. Wesak is the celebration of Buddha's birth, Enlightenment, and death. In this celebration sometimes fireworks are done and or offerings are taken. They also decorate the Buddha statues. Vassa this time when Buddhist study and meditate. Since during this time Buddha had this known as the rainy seasons, which meant it was a good time to study and meditate. During this time this was a meditation retreat and all Buddhists are suppose to set aside time to meditate and study. At the end of Vassa people bring new robes to monks.

What is Buddhism?Buddhism is an organized system of beliefs, rites, and celebrations centered on a supernatural being power; belief pursued with devotion. It has different meanings bu the most common is that Buddhism is a education and not a religion. Buddha is the founder of Buddhism and his names means "Enlightenment and teacher".

Map of Buddhism and the spread across India, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia, and East Asia.

Symbol of Buddhism

Buddha(Siddharta Gautama) founder of Buddhism.

Quotes:Quote #1: "Better than a thousand hollow words, is one word that brings peace".Quote#2: "Hatred does not cease by hatred, but only by love; this is the eternal rule".Quote#3: "No matter how hard the past, you can always begin again".

The Eightfold Path


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