Bryan, Goins, Hursh, Romero, Choctaw

by MorrisFA2014
Last updated 8 years ago

Social Studies

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Bryan, Goins, Hursh, Romero, Choctaw

The choctaw tribe has many significant leaders. Pushmataha was a choctaw warrior, diplomat and chief.

"The Choctaw Tribe is an American Indian tribe that consists of 10 ½ different counties in the southeastern part of Oklahoma. The Choctaw are also found on the east by Arkansas and the Red River, and north of the South Canadian and Arkansas Rivers. The western areas of the Choctaw follows west of Durant, Oklahoma."

The history of The Choctaw Tribe

The First removal began in October of 1831 with 4000 Choctaw being transported on foot and by wagons to the Mississippi then west on steamboats. Due to poor planning and bad weather, however, the river leg of the journey was shortened and the Choctaw were forced to walk much farther than had been planned.

In 1782 one of these who had been sick for a long time and who had nothing more to give to his doctor, found himself in danger of being strangled in the manner I have just described. As he was suspicious and was on his guard, he watched for the moment his family was assembled to hear the report of the doctor and decide to put an end to his sufferings by putting him to death. He took advantage of this moment to flee and escape the ceremony, which awaited him. He dragged himself, as well as he was able, as far as a forest, which fortunately was near his dwelling. He was not able to carry with him provisions of any kind, and found himself reduced to the necessity of living on the flesh of wood rats, known under the name of “opossum,” which are very appetizing and very healthful. His flight caused all his family great astonishment, but the doctor persuaded them that he had gone away only to conceal his inevitable death.

In October of 1831 was the first removal. Most of the first wave didn’t arrive, tired and ill, in Oklahoma until March 1832. The second wave contained 550 Choctaw and was much more harsh. Due to cost overruns encountered in the first removal, the second wave was required to walk most of the way, was provided with fewer rations and was hit by a cholera outbreak while en route. Having heard about the travails of the first two removal efforts, only about 800 Choctaw showed up for the third and final trek. This final wave went relatively smoothly and concluded the removal effort even though almost 6000 Choctaw remained in Mississippi to take advantage of the promise of land.

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