British Imperialism In India

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British Imperialism In India



British General Robert Clive makes secret deal with the Bengal army commander. Agreeing not to fight against the British when they fought to recapture Calcutta and the British made the commander the ruler of Bengal. The British end up taking over Calcutta without any fighting.





British Imperial Rule of India



The British East India Company was a private owned company created to trade between Great Britain and India. It gained power in both trading and politics in India on behalf of Great Britain.

India began to break apart and the British convinced the rulers in each new state that they needed british support. It caused the rulers in each state to have less power and control and gave more power and control over India to the British.

The Sepoy were Indian soilders fighting with the British, they were given new guns to use and were told they would have too bite open the ammunition cartridge that had beef and pork greese on it. The Hindu and Muslim supoys did not eat beef or pork for religous reasons. They were already resentful of the British and this caused a revolt. The revolt became brutal and lasted two years. At the end the british took the rule of India away from The British East India Company and ruled India directly.

The British 'Raj' Rule in India. The British Indian civil service ruled India as a colony of Britain. Indians had little say and became angry and frustrated. The British did build railroads, roads, and canals but they taxed the Indians and closed many of their industries. The British caused India to export their raw materials enstead of manufactoring finished goods.

Many Indians were unhappy with their lack of ability too take part in high level nation decisions. This started a rise in nationalism and gave rise to the Indian national Indian congress in 1885. It started with small requests and grew to be more radical when the British wanted to break up Bengal into two provinces in 1905.

The Swadeshi (own country) Boycott of British goods was called for by the Indian National Congress as a response to the British plan to split up Bengal. They boycotted British goods and as a protest from 1905-1908 the protest covinced the British too give in to some Indian requests. The movement also resulted in the formation of the Muslim League in 1906. The Indian national congrss and the muslim eague were the main organizations that worked towards Independence

Various anti-colonial movements helped to win independence for India. Mohandas Karamchand Ghandi supported a policy of non-violent and civil resistence. "Quit India" movement was lead by Mahatma Gandhi. The India national army movement supported a more military approach, even woman called for personal rights to be given to them. The combination of the movements brought about the Indian Independence Act of 1947, that ended the British imperial rule.

The British Salt Act prevented Indians from collecting or selling salt and buy it form the British with a heavy tax included. Gandhi a non-violent protester led the Salt March in April/May 1930 as an act of civil disobedience. The march was 240 miles to the Arabian Sea Coast. 60,000 Indians were arrested including Gandhi.

By: Carson Brooks

Video Link Attached to Picture, Gandhis Speech (His SpiritualMessage)


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