Borneo Orangutan

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by NatalieHsci6
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Animals
Grade:
6

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Borneo Orangutan

Borneo Orangutan

2.Orangutans are found in humid jungles, and much of their time is spent in the trees. At night they build nests high up in the trees and some even include a roof. They can eat a large amount of food each day, feeding mainly on fruits such as mangoes, figs, jackfruits, lychees, durians, and rambutans. They will occasionally eat insects, leaves, tree bark, and eggs and small vertebrates. The frequent rains fill the leaves thus supplying their drinking water. When water is difficult to get, they chew leaves to make a sponge to soak up water in tree cavities

3. Bornean orangutans have no natural predators. The primary threat to orangutans is habitat loss due to human activities, such as logging, deliberate forest fires and timber clearing for farming. Other specific threats include clear-cutting of forests for palm oil plantations, encroachment of human settlements and hunting for meat and the illegal pet trade. They are consumers.

4. Bornean orangutans are classified as highly endangered (population 50,000). Causes of decline include loss of habitat due to logging, mining, and forest fires and poaching. Many babies are often caught and sold into the pet trade, and the trappers usually kill the mother in order to steal the baby. Although this species is legally protected, poaching still remains a problem. The orangutan is found in several national parks, and the governments of Singapore and Hong Kong have prohibited the import and export of orangutans.

5. If the Borneo orangutans species continues to decline Borneo’s forest plant life would flourish. Soon though, the plants would become overpopulated. They would then be so overpopulated that there would not be enough nutrients to go around. Borneo’s forest plant life would soon die out. This would cause a huge disruption of the currently thriving Borneo ecosystem. The orangutans must be saved.

7. The Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS) Foundation is an Indonesian non-profit NGO founded by Dr Willie Smits in 1991 and dedicated to the conservation of the endangered Bornean orangutan and its habitat through the involvement of local people. It is audited by a multinational auditor company and operates under the formal agreement with the Indonesian Ministry of Forest to conserve and rehabilitate orangutans. BOS manages orangutan rescue, rehabilitation and reintroduction programmes in East and Central Kalimantan. With 804 orangutans (per November 2012) in its care and employing between six hundred and a thousand people at a hundred sites BOS is the biggest primate conservation NGO worldwide.

Orangutans are one Borneo's Forest Consumers


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