Boreal Forest

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by spnctpae7
Last updated 6 years ago

Environmental Studies

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Boreal Forest

Gray WolfSize: 1.5 - 2 m (4.9 - 6.7 ft)Habitat: Widespread throughout Northwestern Ontario in a variety of habitats where a good supply of food is available.Apperence: Overall colouration, varied, from the most common gray tones to blacks and whites, to medium tones of cream, gray, brown and orange. Hair, bristly.Life Span: 5-6 years

Deciduous TreesDeciduous trees are trees that shed their leaves once a year at the approach of a cold or dry season and later grow new leaves. (Plants that keep their foliage throughout the year are called evergreens.) Deciduous trees usually have broad leaves e.g., ash, beech, birch, maple and oak.Animals in temperate deciduous forests also have to adapt to the changing seasons. They must be able to cope with cold winters when food is in short supply. Migration and hibernation are two adaptations used by the animals in this biome. Alot of animals use these trees as a change of season since it adpats so well to the change of weather.These are endangered because of the unfavorable terrain it takes for them to grow on.


EarthwormsApperence: The reddish-gray-colored common earthwormSize: Up to 14 in (35 cm)Habitat: Earthworms and their relatives live anywhere there is moist soil and dead plant material. Earthworms are most abundant in rainy forest areas, but can be found in many habitats on land and in freshwater.



Elevation: 3,000 Feet

Food Chain

Balsam FirThe Balsam fir is a late successional, or climax growth tree. This means that they grow in old, undisturbed forests. The Balsam fir is the least fire resistant of evergreen in North America, and its seeds are destroyed by fire. Balsam firs first appear 30 to 50 years after a fire. It adapts to firre quite well being resistant to it.It is not endangered.Balsam fir is one of the major food supplies for moose in the winter. Caribou and white tailed deer leave it alone. Red squirrels will eat the male flower buds. Deer, caribou and moose use Balsam fir stands as cover in the winter because the snow is not as deep under them as in hardwood stands.

The Future of The Boreal ForestThe natural element that has affected the Boreal Forest has been wildfires. Wildfires have destoryed a huge percent of the forest killing many animals that havent been able to get out of it alive but also many have lived. This is a bad thing but can also be a good thing for the biome because the flames burn the trees and natural land. During this process it creates CO2 making the trees more fertile after it is done burning enabling them to grow faster.Agreement: At 1.3 billion acres, Canada’s boreal forest accounts for one-quarter of the intact, original forest remaining on Earth. To protect this vital landscape, the Conservancy has joined forces with a broad coalition of environmental organizations, industries, indigenous peoples and governments through the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement. This is an agreement put in place to protect the original Boreal Forest still in place.Predictions: The Boreal Forest has been a warming period and is only continuing to get worse. The rise of levels of CO2 is warming the temperature of the forest itself. This could create problems for animals having trouble to adapt, droughts and also melting the frozen layers.Recommendations: I recommend that major wood producing companies stop using alot of the trees and tree bark that come from the Boreal Region. The Boreal Forest contains some of the finest wood in the world to be used to produced high quality product.

Typical in area


Where is it?

MooseMale: 2.25 - 2.75 m (7.5 - 9.25 ft)Female: 2 - 2.5 m (6.5 - 8.5 ft)Habitat: Widespread throughout Northwestern Ontario in wooded areas and adjoining swamps, lakeshores and streams.Apperence: The largest member of the deer family. Large drooping snout and a "bell" under throat; short tail. Legs, long; hooves, broad. Overall colouration, dark brown to black, with grayish legs; lower belly and underside of legs, whitish.Life Span: 15-25 years

Black BearMale: 1.35 - 1.75 m (4.5 - 5.9 ft)Female: 1.17 - 1.5 m (3.9 - 4.9 ft)Habitat: Common throughout Northwestern Ontario, primarily in forested areas; also swamps. Frequently at garbage dumps and logging camps.Apperance: Overall colouration, black, often with cinnamon coloured muzzle, sometimes with whitish "V" on chest. Coat, coarse. On occasion, cinnamon-colored individuals are sighted.Life Span: Avg 10 years

Pine BeetlesAppearence: Small and Black tintSize: 5mm (about the size of a grain of rice)Habitat: The mountain pine beetle Dendroctonus ponderosae, is a species of bark beetle native to the forests of western North America from Mexico to central British Columbia.


Black SpruceThe Black Spruce is a very common producer iinside the taiga. It is used for many purposes and is a very adaptaive producer.Adaptions: Very adaptive to snow conditions, its slender shape prevents snow from being gathered on it allowing it to withstand a whole winter without breaking. And the waxy coating and thin needles allow the withstand of wind and drying out.Production: The Carrier people used black spruce wood to make fish traps. Other aboriginal people made snowshoe frames and drying racks. They also used powdered resin on wounds to speed healing.These trees are not endangered in any way as there is a mass amount of them and can withstand so many weather conditions.

What is in this video?SOUNDS


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