Booker T. Washington

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by 8CA159
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
8

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Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington was an influecial black leader of his time. He believed that black people should concentrate their energies on improving themselves through industrial education, so that they could become employed and self-supporting.

Later in LifeLater on in his life, Booker T. Washington did many things to provide himself with money. He worked alongside his step father in the mines. He also worked as a janitor to pay off his tuation at. After that, he attented Hampton Institute. After being educated there, he was called back to be and educater there. As stated earlier, he helped found the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. He went on the be the head of the school. At Tuskegee, he emphisized agricultural skills and self sufficiency. He also wanted the students to learn simple labor skills. Throught all of this, he turned into being the most influencial black leader of his time. His life unfortunnatly came to an end on November 14, 1915 of congestive heart failure. He will always be remembered as a powerful leader.

Why This Problem?Booker T. Washington was a strong and bold activist when it came to the subject of African American rights and discrimination. He wanted his race to have the same rights as whites, and be allowed to have an education. Furthermore, he wanted these rights for himself and his loved ones. Born into slavery, Washington faced this issue from the very beginning of his life. These are the key reasons why Booker T. Washington felt strongly about this problem.

ChildhoodBooker T. Washington was born on April 5, 1856. He was born into slavery on James Burrough's plantation in Virginia. His mother, Jane Furguson was a slave cook, and his dad was a white man from a neighboring plantation. He never really knew his father. After his Emacipation in 1865, he moved to Malden, West Virginia in at the age of 9. Things were going to turn around for Washington now.

What did he do about this problem?After the death of African American leader Fredrick Douglas, Washington had to step up for his race. Washington helped found Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. This school would offer many important classes that were esential to growth in society. The school also offered classes for skills like carptenters, brick layerers, manual labor, farming, cooking, and cleanliness, and most importantly academics. These key concepts were essential to living in this time era. Furthermore, he developed seperate black schools, businesses, and associations. He held a full fledged protest movement. Finally, he spoke at the Atlanta Cotton Exposition on Septembeter 18,1895, this speech was famously known as the "Atlanta Compromise". In the speech he explained the topic of race relations between the whites and the blacks, it was a very big day in American History that will never be forgotten. As you might notice, Washington put a lot of effort into helping the nation grow.

Quick Facts: - Most people wouldn't think that Washington actually accepted segregation, but he really did. - His step father's name was Washington, so that's why he chose it to be his last name. - He was married three times. His first two wives died at young ages, and the third one helped him out at Tuskegee Institute.- He was the first African American to be invited into the White House. - At the age of 16, he walked 386 miles from Malden, West Virginia to Hampton Institute just to attend college. - He was the first African American to get an honorary degree from Harvard.

Impact on SocietyBooker T. Washington was very successful in his actions to help transform society. His approach won the support of many whites, and got the attention of many philanthropists, and very wealthy men such as Andrew Carnegie, and John D. Rockefeller. This is because it was a more patient approach, rather than the demanding and forcing approach of W.E.B Dubois. With this startagy, his ideas were taken into consideration, causing him to be successful. Also, he successfully educated many blacks. He had a long lasting effect on society.

Important Quotes-"Our greatsest danger is that in the great leap from slavery to freedom we may overlook the fact that the masses of us are to live by the productions of our hands, and fail to keep our mind that we shall prosper in proportion as we learn to dignify and glory common labour."-"It is doubtful if any american, within the 40 years of his active life has rendered to the nations service of greater and more lastling value than his."-"In all things that are purely social we can be as seperate as the fingers, yet ore as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress."-"Progress in the enjoyment of all privilages... must be the result of severe and constant struggle rather than of artificial forcing."

By: Danny Coppola, Matt Bagley

Tuskegee Institute


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