Body Systems

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by balgiron
Last updated 7 years ago

Human Anatomy

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Body Systems

The Skeletal Sytem stores calcium is the frame work for the body it protects vital organsand produces red blood cells. The 5 main types of bones in the body are, Long Bones, Short Bones, Flat Bones, Irregular Bones, Sesamoid Bones.The Muscular System is the system of the body that consists of muscles that provide motion and maintain posture. It helps pupm blood throughout the body and acts as levers to the bones.

Body Systems

Created by: Balmore Giron, and Mitchelle Mwende

Types of Body Systems

1) Skeletal System2) Muscular System3) Nervous System4) Cardiovascular System5) Respiratory System6) Urinary System7) Digestive System8) Lymphatic System

There are two types of muscle in the human body. Involuntary- a muscle that functions without the person‘s control Voluntary-a muscle a person can control.

The nervous system is responsible for sending, receiving, and processing nerve impulses throughout the body. All the organs and muscles inside your body rely upon these nerve impulses to function. It could be considered as the master control unit inside your body. The peripheral nervous system, or PNS, consists of the nerves and ganglia outside of the brain and spinal cord. The main function of the PNS is to connect the central nervous system (CNS) to the limbs and organs.

The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and the approximately 5 liters of blood that the blood vessels transport. Responsible for transporting oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and cellular waste products throughout the body, the cardiovascular system is powered by the body’s hardest-working organ, the heart, which is only about the size of a closed fist.

The respiratory system is the group of tissues and organs in your body that enable you to breathe. This system includes your airways, your lungs and the blood vessels and muscles attached to them that work together so you can breathe. The respiratory system's primary function is to supply oxygen to all the parts of your body. It accomplishes this through breathing: inhaling oxygen-rich air and exhaling air filled with carbon dioxide, which is a waste gas.

The urinary system – also known as the renal system – produces, stores and eliminates urine, the fluid waste excreted by the kidneys. The urinary system includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, two sphincter muscles and the urethra.

The digestive system is a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body. Food passes through a long tube inside the body known as the alimentary canal or the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract). The alimentary canal is made up of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, and large intestines.

The primary function of the lymphatic system is to transport lymph, a clear, colorless fluid containing white blood cells that helps rid the body of toxins, waste and other unwanted materials. The lymphatic system, which is a subset of the circulatory system, has a number of functions, including the removal of interstitial fluid, the extracellular fluid that bathes most tissue.


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