Biography of Raphael

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Biography of Raphael

Raphael Sanzio: the Prince of Painters

“The Transfiguration” was painted by Raphael Sanzio in 1570. The medium is oil on wood, and its size is 405 x 278 cm, which is large. This artwork is a religious image showing the transfiguration of Jesus, one of the famous scenes from the Christian Bible. The upper part of the painting shows Jesus floating in the air and two men on both sides of Him are also floating. Below them, there are three people lying on a hill; two of them are trying to look at Jesus although the strong light makes them difficult to do so. On the left side, behind the hill, there are two men also looking at Him. The lower part of the painting shows groups of people having a conflict; the boy wearing a blue clothes seem to be the issue since he is pointed at and looked at with serious face expressions. In this painting, a lot of emphasis is put on Jesus. Lighter colors are used around Him compared to the lower part of the painting; he is the only one wearing a white clothes and the background behind him is blue tinted with white. This creates an emphasis of color. In addition to, the space around Him is empty relative to the lower part with crowds. This creates an emphasis of space. Also, this painting has a harmony of realistic, dynamic forms. All the human forms look realistic because of the detailed face expressions and shading. Their poses and wrinkles on the clothes make it seem like their moving, for example, the two floating men look like they are actually flying towards Jesus. This artwork reflects two ideas of Renaissance majorly. Most obviously, it is about religion; even though a lot of new ideas were developed and the culture in Europe changed dramatically during that period, religion was still substantial. In fact, many paintings from Renaissance are about religion. Another idea shown in the work is that women started having more power during Renaissance. Women in the lower part of this painting are painted to be emphasized; women tend to be located near the boy who is pointed at and the one wearing pink clothes is emphasized by the tinted color and the empty space around. Before Renaissance, when women’s rights weren’t regarded, women were rarely the subjects of painting. However in this artwork, they are painted. Therefore, it clearly shows increased power of women. As such, “The Transfiguration” is a great example of Renaissance artwork.

Short But Intense Life of Raphael1483 – Born in Urbino, Italy as a son of a painter Giovanni Santi1500-1504 – Worked as an apprentice of a master painter Perugino1502-1504 – Produced some religious works such as Mon Crucifixion 1504 – Moved to Florence; studied artworks done by great Italian painters1504-1507 – Produced many paintings including famous series of Madonnas1508 – Moved to Rome, being invited by Pope Julius II to paint in the Vatican’s Stanze1509-1511 – Painted Sanze della Segnatura frescoes in the Palace of Vatican which made him famous and successful as an artist1514 – Complete some works for his series of Madonnas including Sistine Madonna which is known for the two angels painted at the bottom1520 – Died in Rome, Italy on his 37th birthday leaving his work The Transfiguration unfinished

Legacy of Raphael◇ Developed harmonious compositions >> Many painters were inspired by the compositions that Raphel used >> Poses of figures were copied as well; Raphael has set a good example for later artists◇ Developed and used various techniques >> Painters in later generations studied the techniques to make the paintings more realistic >> Skills of artists improved overall and paintings became more detailed◇ Introduced idealized beauty in art >> Many artists were inspired and followed his style to create aestheticism in paintings >> Greatly impacted various styles of art any styles of art, especially Mannerism ☆ Styles of art that were impacted: Mannerism, Classical Baroque, Neoclassicism

People Who Influenced Raphael◇ Giovanni Santi ● Learned all the basic techniques of painting from his father Giovanni ● Exposed to philosophy because Giovanni worked in the Duke of Urbino and took Raphael to his workplace often; ideas of phylosophy impacted his fresco works at Vatican◇ Perugino ● Gained knowledge about paintings through four years of apprenticeship ● Gained on-had experience by working with Perugino◇ Great Italian Painters ● Studied compositions of many artworks and applied to own artworks; he tended to use the triangle composition ● Obtained techniques to caputre emotion from how Leonardo da Vinci used colors and shadings in his paintings ● Learned the dynamism from how Michelangelo painted humans


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