Binomal Nomenclature

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Binomal Nomenclature

The kingdom Animalia is made of animals as its name suggests. Animals are classified as intricate, multicellular creatures. These organisms' cells are externally protected by a cell membrane only, without a cell wall. They also have special organs that help them respond to stimuli. Animals usually also possess means of movement. They are consumers, and rely on different kingdoms. Plants, of the kingdom Plantae, feed the herbivores and omnivores, while others in Animalia feed carnivores and the omnivores. Bacteria and Fungi provide a valuable recycling service.

There are two main types of prokaryotes, one belonging to the domain Archaea. Archaea were first found in the form of extremophiles, or organisms that live in habitats with extreme temperatures. There are only a few archaea that reside in less extreme environments, such as the ocean. Archaea's cell walls and genes are asimilar to other organisms.

Bacteria are the other main type of prokaryote and are almost the polar opposite of organisms in the domain Archaea. While archaea only live in extremely hot or cold environments, bacteria live everywhere else, even inside the human body. They have many uses, both beneficial and malicious. For example, Lactobacillus bulgaricus helps in the process of making yogurt. Bacteria also differ from archaea in their cell wall and gene structures.

Binomial Nomenclature

Protists are both monocellular and multi-cellular organisms, that theoritically evolved from ancient Bacteria. The protists were the first eukaryotes, and eventually evolved into animals, plants, and fungi. As protists are both prokaryotic and eukaryotic, they have both plant-like and animalistic traits. Protists with those traits are called algae and protozoa, respectively.

The kingdom Fungi is mainly made up of mushrooms and molds, which do not photosynthesize or eat food. Their method of consumption involves breaking down organisms with self-secreted juices and then absorbing the produced nutrients. Like plants, Fungi have cell walls, mainly composed of | chitin.

Plants have immense differences in shape and size, for trees can grow to be the largest life forms on Earth, while blades of grass are rarely larger than a few centimeters. Plants all benefit nutritionally from the chemical process known as photosynthesis, which requires sunlight. As a result, most members of Plantae are found on land or in shallow water. Plants are very important, as they provide both food and shelter to organisms of different domains and kingdoms. They differ from animals in their inclusion of a cell wall to their cells' external protection.

The domain known as Eukarya is composed of eukaryotic organsims, or those whith membrane bound organelles and a nucleus. The other domains, Archaea and Bacteria, are all composed of organisms with membrane-less organelles and no nuclei. This difference makes Eukarya much bigger and is thus divided into four kingdoms: Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, and Protista.

Kingdom Fungi

Domain Bacteria

Kingdom Protista

Brain POP ClassificationQuia Classification Quiz GameClassification Game

Domain Archaea

JJ SuttonPeriod 32/12/13

Bibliography Link

Kingdom Plantae

Kingdom Animalia

Domain Eukarya


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