Bill of Rights

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Bill of Rights

The first amendment protects people's rights of freedom of expression. James Madison combined five different rights to create the first amendment These five basic rights were the right to freedom of: Religion: allowing people the right to practice any religion they want and preventing the government from making one religion more superior than another. Speech: gives people the right to voice their own opinions.Press: Allows the press the right to print and opinionize what they wantAssembly: allows people the right to meet in groups in public areas.Petition of the government.: allows citizens the right to appeal to the government.


First Amendment

Second Amendment

The second amendment protects the citizens rights to bear arms. The original purpose for this amendment was to have a volunteer based militia. There has been many debates on this amendment. Some people believe that onlypeople who are in a organized militia should own weapons. However other argue that people should be able to own weapons because they provide protection.

The third amendment protects the privacy of people´s homes. It allows the people to refuse to quarter soldiers in their homes.

Third Amendment

Fourth Amendment

The fourth amendment protects citizens against unathorized siezures and searches. Siezures are the act of focibly taking oneś property. A warrant is required from a judge before any government officials are allowed to preform a search or a seizure.

Besides being the longest amendment the fifth amendment protects five important rights of citizens involving the justice system. These rights are:1.) Right to a grand jury (a grand jury is a group of citizens who hear the evidence against the defendant and decides whether the case justifes trial.)2.) protection from ¨double jeopardy¨ ( this right protects people from having to appeal for the same case more than once even after being found innocent.)3.) prohibits self-incrimination. (meaning that the defendant doesn´t have to say anything that could be used against them in a court of law.) It has two parts:A. Miranda warning. This is a warning that police give to the defendants saying," You have the right to remain silent anything you say and do can be used agianst you in a court of law.¨B. pleading the fifth. This means that you can refuse to answer a question.4.) cannot be ¨deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law¨ Due process means that the government has to follow their clear rules as they carry out the law.5.) the government cannot take contol of a personś private property for public usage.

Fifth Amendment

The sixth amendment is about criminal trial rights. It gives people the right to a speedy trial meaning that a person cannot be kept in jail for a long period of time without a trial. It also means that the trials have to be ¨Public¨ with the presence of an impartial jury. Before a trial the prosecutor must tell the defendant of what charges they are being tried for and the time for the accused crime. The defendant has the right to attorney that will assist them in their defense.

Sixth Amendment

The seventh amendment states that not all cases are criminal action. Some trials settle civil cases, or disputes between people or companies. Civil cases usually involved money, family matters, and property.

Seventh Amendment

The eighth amendment is about bail and punishments. It provents Judges from using high bails in order to keep somone in jail for an extended period of time. If the defendant is found guilty this amendment forbids excessive fines and cruel and unusual punishments.

Eighth Amendment

The ninth amendment says that although certain rights are listed in the Constitution that those that aren´t rest in the hands of the people. An example of this amendment to privacy.

Ninth Amendment

Tenth Amendment

This amendment states that the powers not given to the national government in the Constitution are ¨reserved to the states... or the people.¨


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