Berlin 1948-49

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by JuBrsst
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history
Grade:
10,11

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Berlin 1948-49

FOOD/AGRICULTURE:After WWII, the agricultural exports dropped and the farming exports fell down 30 to 40%. People consumed less. After the war, the net cash income for farmers went from $4.4 billion to $12.3 billion. Germany wasn’t an agriculturally advanced country. Berlin, its capital, had little agricultural structures (structures are situated in the countryside). The rate of employment in agriculture in 1949 West Germany is 24% which is low. In east germany, progress was being made and was growing rapidly. In 1948, the Soviet blocked off the roads to Berlin, preventing any food and water supplies from being shipped in or out of Berlin. They thought that this way, U.S, France, and Britain would withdraw from Berlin. However it didn’t work and each country decided to supply their part of the city using airplanes. They supplied not only food and water but also heat and power on a daily basis to sustain over two million people. It demanded a lot of effort, time, and money to send that amount of food every day.

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FACT

Berlin 1948-49Infrastructure & Food/Agriculture

After WWII ended in Berlin in 1945, Germany is devastated and is greatly affected. 1948-1949 was the Berlin Blockade and this divided Berlin into two separate divisions, West Berlin and East Berlin. Berlin was also divided in four parts, each belonging to a different country. West Berlin was controlled by the United States, Britain and France and East Berlin was controlled by the USSR.

unemployement18%no exports or imports because of the blockade.household income$3,600

We want COAL, We want BREAD.

Agriculture in 1949

Food/Agriculture VIDEO

Since over 70% of Germany’s buildings were destroyed, there were few buildings considered safe to live in so the population in Germany had to cram together into the safe buildings. Apartments meant for one family, had 3-4 families living in it. The houses that were not completely destroyed, could collapse at any moment so they were unsafe to live in as well.

INFRASTRUCTURE:After WWII , Germany’s infrastructure was severely damaged. In West Germany, the infrastructure was destroyed, however, the Marshall plan gave 11% of its money to the reconstruction of Germany’s infrastructure. Same for East Germany. Its infrastructure was destroyed but the Soviet Union refuses help from the Marshall plan. Up to 80% of the historic buildings were destroyed. Entire apartment buildings, districts and roads were completely destroyed. During the blockade, all roads, railroads and waterways were cut off from West Berlin and the Soviets took control of them. When the blockade came to an end, Berlin still had poor infrastructure. Berlin also was lacking runways at their major airports (Tempelhof and Gatow) that was needed in order for planes to land.

Brief History

Graphs

Infrastructure VIDEO

Normal daily food requirements for Berlin was 2000 tons


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