Benjamin Franklin

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by hannahforsberg
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Politicians and Presidents
Grade:
11

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Benjamin Franklin

FRANKLIN

BENJAMIN

ONCE UPON A TIME...Birthday: January 17, 1706Parents: Josiah and Abiah FranklinDied: April 17, 1790Hometown: Boston, Massachussetts

by Hannah Forsberg

"I guess I don't so much mind being old, as I mind being fat and old." -B. Franklin

STARTING OUT & EDUCATIONHis start in life began as an apprentice with his brother James, who was a printer. Originally, Ben's father wanted him to be a clergyman, but lacked the resources needed for schooling. His education came primarily from his apprenticeship, first. He had less than 2 formal years of education. He was exposed to lots of reading and books during his apprenticeship.

AN INVENTOR & SCIENTISTAfter retiring from business, Ben looked into science and invention. He invented The Franklin Stove, which warmed houses. He invented swim fins, and bifocals. His experiment with lightning verified the nature of electricity and brought him to fame. He also created the Glass Armonica.

A SIGNIFIGANT POLITICIAN In the 1750s, Ben went to England to represent PA, GA, NJ, and MA. He helped persuade members of Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act. He took the side of his nation and thought of having the colonies united. His break with England was during the Hutchinson Affair, where Thomas Hutchinson stood against the colonists. Franklin sent his letters to America and afterwards, was condemned in public. He then started working towards independence. William, his son, did not agree with him and a tension formed that would never heal. Ben was elected to the Second Continental Congress and worked on a committee of five, which would help draft the Declaration of Independence. Much of the contribution would be attributed to Franklin who signed it.Franklin was popular in France and helped establish a treaty with them. He got loans and was on hand when the French signed the Treaty of Paris. He became President of the Executive Council of Pennsylvania. He served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and also signed the Constitution.One of his last public acts was writing an anti-slavery document in 1789.

BEING A PRINTER & AUTHORDuring his apprenticeship with James, Ben helped run the first newspaper in Boston, called, The New England Courant which featured opinion, news, advertisements, and ship schedules. Ben wanted to write for the paper, but because he was an apprentice, he was not allowed. He decided to write letters in to the paper by the name "Silence Dogood". Dogood was a fictional widow whose letters were filled with advice and criticism. The character became very popular and people in Boston wanted to know who the anonymous writer was. Eventually, Ben confessed to writing as Dogwood and as a result, James became angry because of Ben's popularity. Later Ben ran away, becoming a fugitive.In 1729, Ben purchased The Pennsylvania Gazette, a newspaper in Philadelphia. Ben printed the paper and wrote pieces. His paper was one of the most successful. This is where one of the first political cartoons would be printed.

A PUBLIC SERVANTIn 1727, Benjamin Franklin, then 21, created the Junto, a group of "like minded aspiring artisans and tradesmen who hoped to improve themselves while they improved their community." The Junto was a discussion group for issues of the day; it subsequently gave rise to many organizations in Philadelphia.Reading was a great pastime of the Junto, but books were rare and expensive. The members created a library, initially assembled from their own books. This did not suffice, however. Franklin conceived the idea of a subscription library, which would pool the funds of the members to buy books for all to read.He organized a group who formed the Pennsylvania Hospital.He helped organize Philadelphia's Union Fire Company, which tried to prevent fires and helped those who suffered loss from fires. He also became a free mason.

Disclaimer: My information is not from my head.Credit goes where credit is due.link 1link 2


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